China Population Control

Topics: One-child policy, Demography, Overpopulation Pages: 4 (1515 words) Published: June 19, 2013
* With just over 1.3 billion people (1,330,044,605 as of mid-2008), China is the world's most populous country. * As the world's population is approximately 6.7 billion, China represents a full 20% of the world's population so one in every five people on the planet is a resident of China. * China's population growth has been somewhat slowed by the one child policy, in effect since 1979. * China's one child policy was established by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979 to limit communist China's population growth. Although designated a "temporary measure," it continues a quarter-century after its establishment. The policy limits couples to one child. Fines, pressures to abort a pregnancy, and even forced sterilization accompanied second or subsequent pregnancies. * It is not an all-encompassing rule because it has always been restricted to ethnic Han Chinese living in urban areas. Citizens living in rural areas and minorities living in China are not subject to the law. However, the rule has been estimated to have reduced population growth in the country of 1.3 billion by as much as 300 million people over its first twenty years. * As recently as 1950, China's population was a mere 563 million. The population grew dramatically through the following decades to one billion in the early 1980s. * China's total fertility rate is 1.7, which means that, on average, each woman gives birth to 1.7 children throughout her life. The necessary total fertility rate for a stable population is 2.1; nonetheless, China's population is expected to grow over the next few decades. This can be attributed to immigration and a decrease in infant mortality and a decrease in death rate as national health improves. * By the late 2010s, China's population is expected to reach 1.4 billion. Around 2030, China's population is anticipated to peak and then slowly start dropping. * This rule has caused a disdain for female infants; abortion, neglect, abandonment, and even...
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