China: Overpopulation

Topics: People's Republic of China, Population, Mao Zedong Pages: 3 (963 words) Published: May 27, 2014
The Country of China accumulates over 1/5 the population of the world with a massive total of over 1.3 billion people. Having an immense population not only creates problems within the country, but also triggers some of the largest issues our world has faced today. Although China has released a One-Child policy to slightly limit the population rate, problems are continuing to grow at a constant rate.

The most powerful institution in the nation of China is the Communist Party of China, otherwise known as the CPC. They set goals and policy that the government then sets in motion (Dramer). The Chinese government is generally thought to be repressive, while freedoms of speech, assembly, religion, and press are not well respected (“China”). In 1979, the Chinese Communist leader issued the One-Child Policy to limit the nation’s population (Harewood). There are also exceptions to China’s One-Child Policy. For instance, the policy applies only to the Han, who make up about 92% of China’s population. The Han are descendants of China’s first great dynasty. However, rural couples are allowed to have a second child if the first one was a female (Dramer). Many believe that this form of policy is unfair and can disturb the cultures of Chinese families.

Years ago, China was once concerned for having had too many people to support. As of today, the One-Child Policy causes the country to have too few children to support a rapidly aging country (Harewood). Also, because males are more valuable than females traditionally, the female population declines. If the ratio of men increases over women, then the population will also decline too fast (Harewood). Based on the July 2013 census, the population of China stands at about 1,349,585,838 and continues to grow (“One-Child Policy”). With several people living in urban areas, it is quite difficult for China’s government to force its population controlling policies (Harewood). Those who don’t follow the policy are penalized with...
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