China: Ancient Capitals

Topics: Beijing, Henan, China Pages: 8 (1407 words) Published: October 15, 2014
China: Ancient Capitals

Xi'an
Xi'an, called Chang'an in ancient times, is the most important ancient capital in China. It is the capital that has the longest history and greatest influence among the ancient capitals. Xi'an was located on the eastern end of the Silk Road, which connected China with other European countries in the West. Xi’an was the capital for more than 1,000 years, spanning 13 dynasties such as the Qing, Han, Sui and Tang Dynasties. Located in Middle China, it is an important birthplace of Chinese culture and civilization. Nowadays, Xi'an has rich, well-preserved historical relics. The Terra-cotta Warriors and Houses are the most popular among the historical relics.

Riding a bike along Xi'an Ancient City Wall can let the travelers have a great overall view of the city.

Xing/Qing Imperial Palace, Tang Paradise, the Ruins of Daming Palace, Huangdi mausoleum, and Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor are great historical destinations to travel in Xi'an. The Big Goose Pagoda, the Drum Tower, the Bell Tower and Great Mosque are also popular among travelers in Xi'an.

Nanjing

With more than 2,500 years of history, the provincial capital of the Jiangsu Province-Nanjing was set as the capital for nearly 500 years during 6 dynasties. Nanjing, also known as Nanking, had been the capital of the Eastern Wu, Qi, Liang, Chen, Jin and Song Dynasty. As one of top 4 ancient capitals of China, it is a nationally famous historical and cultural city. Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang's Tomb, the Confucius Temple and Sun Yatsen's Mausoleum are great historical relics in Nanjing.

Taking a cruise along the Qinhuai River at night is a great experience for travelers because of its vivid nightlife and beautiful scenery.

The Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty has recorded and carries the history of Jinling (ancient name of Nanjing). The Presidential Palace, Purple Golden Mountain Observatory, MoChou Lake Park and Nanjing Yangze River Bridge are hot destinations for travelers.

Beijing

Beijing, also called Peking, firstly had been the capital of the Yin period during the Shang Dynasty. With a history of over 3,000 years, it has been the capital for more than 860 of those years. Beijing had been the capital of the Western Zhou, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties.

As the capital of the People's Republic of China (PRC), it is not only suitable for travelers to explore ancient Chinese culture, but it’s also a hot destination to experience China’s modern journey.

The Great Wall, the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven and the Summer Palace, Tian'anmen Square, Mao's Memorial Hall, the Ming Tombs have been on a lot of travelers' must-visit travel lists.

In addition, you can enjoy a modern life in Olympic Stadium, a great night life in Sanlitun Bar, or an art journey in 798 Art Zone.

Luoyang

Together with Xi'an, Beijing, and Nanjing, Luoyang is one of top 4 ancient capitals of China. It had been the capital for 13 dynasties such as Eastern Zhou, Eastern Han, and Northern Wei Dynasties. It was the only city referred to as Shendu (the capital of God) in Chinese history. Luoyang was the city where the Taoism originated, Confucianism flourished, and Buddhism was first passed in China.

The name of China was from Luoyang, which is the main birthplace of Chinese nations and Chinese civilization.

Peony Garden has attracted a lot of flower lovers and photographers from the whole world.

The White Garden is to commemorate Baijuyi who is a famous realism poet of the Tang Dynasty.

There are a lot of historical attractions including Longmen Grottoes, the Eastern Zhou Carriage Museum, Luoyang Museum and White Horse Temple.

Kaifeng

Kaifeng, called Dongjing or Bianjing in ancient China, had been the capital for 7 dynasties including Wei Kingdom during the Warring State Period, Later Liang, Later Jin, Later Han, Later Zhou dynasties during the Period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, Northern Song...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Social Media: A New Vehicle for City Marketing in China Research Paper
  • Ancient China Essay
  • Ancient China Essay
  • Essay about Ancient China Civilization
  • Essay about Religion in Ancient China and Egypt
  • Ancient Dynasties in China Essay
  • Ancient China By: Matthew Howard Essay
  • Ancient China Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free