China

Topics: People's Republic of China, China, Secondary education Pages: 7 (2807 words) Published: March 11, 2015
The world continues to grow each and every day. Every year, world population increases. China currently has the largest population in the world. The latest 2015 statistics indicate that Chinas population has grown once again and consist of 1,401,586,609 people (Population of China , 2015). Today’s total world population is 7,324,782,225 people. (Population of China , 2015). The total population of China represents 19.3%( almost 20%) of the world’s total population. (Population of China , 2015) In comparison to Canada, China’s population is ranked number one in the world and Canada is ranked 37th worldwide with 35,524,732 people representing 0.49% of the worlds total population. (Countires in the World (ranked by 2014 population))In terms of density (measured by person per km2) Canada has one of the lowest (4 P/Km2) whereas China has a relatively high density of 135 P/Km2. (Countires in the World (ranked by 2014 population)).

China’s yearly population percentage change from 2014-2015 is 0.61%. This represents 8,353,029 more people already in 2015 than in 2014. (Population of China , 2015) The male population represents just over half of China’s population with 51.9% of the population being male (china population , 2015). Females in China represent 48.1%. (china population , 2015)

In 1955 Chinas population was 600,995,113 people with a fertility rate of 6.11. (Population of China , 2015) In 1982 the Chinese population surpassed one billion for the first time. (Population of China , 2015) The population of the Republic of China has more than doubled in the past 60 years (Population of China , 2015). The rapid growth that China experienced and continues to experience is the cause of the massive fertility rate drop (6.11 in 1955 and 1.66 today) and implementation of China’s one child policy (Population of China , 2015) .

China’s one child policy is “one of the largest & most dramatic population- control campaigns in the world.” (Pletcher) Evidently the policy was put in place to try to regulate and manage China’s population growth. The Chinese Communist Party Control Committee and the State Council instated the One Child Policy on September 25th 1980. (Pletcher) “Methods of enforcement have included making various contraceptive methods widely available, offering financial incentives and preferential employment opportunities for those who comply, imposing sanctions (economic or otherwise) against those who violate the policy, and, at times (notably the early 1980s), invoking stronger measures such as forced abortions and sterilizations (the latter primarily of women).” (Pletcher). The One Child Policy has affected the sex ratio in the country favoring men (Pletcher). Many families view males as being more beneficial to their family and will often abort if their only child is determined to be a female. (Pletcher) “The country’s overall sex ratio has become skewed toward males. Traditionally, male children (especially firstborn) have been preferred—particularly in rural areas—as sons inherit the family name and property and are responsible for the care of elderly parents. When most families were restricted to one child, having a girl became highly undesirable, resulting in a rise in abortions of female fetuses (made possible after ultrasound sex determination became available), increases in the number of female children who were placed in orphanages or were abandoned, and infanticide of baby girls.” (Pletcher) Even with the One Child Policy put in place for the past 35 years, it is forecasted that China’s population will continue to grow each year up until 2030 leaving China with a massive population of 1,453,279,304 people (Population of China , 2015).. However from 2035-2050 it is predicted that the population will decrease more and more each year as their population ages (Population of China , 2015). Predictions of Chinas population in 2050 are 1,384,976,976 with a yearly percentage changes of -0.42% indicating a...

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