China's One Child Policy

Topics: One-child policy, People's Republic of China, Demography Pages: 22 (7082 words) Published: May 21, 2012
China's one child policy
In eastern Asia, boarding the East Asian China Sea a huge country named the Chinese Republic has now over than one billion people. China had a leading civilization for centuries guiding the whole world in different fields. However, in the 19th and the 20th century China suffered form serious problems, which resulted from huge numbers of population. When China was under the leadership of Mao who believed that a strong nation must have large population, the population of China increased rapidly until it reached its double. From one hand, Peng Peiyun, the writer of "One family, one child", stressed two crucial factors, which are over population and being a developing country as drawbacks preventing China form achieving any progress to be an advanced country. According to Peiyun, the only available solution to the problems facing China is to control the population growth. She describes the government's efforts in controlling the population growth by releasing a nationwide family planning program with the advocacy of the "One couple, one child." Peiyun says that, "In keeping with these goals, the state has adopted a series of wide-ranging policies that are implemented by the various strata of government." The government also implanted various policies like education and communication campaigns which also aim at spreading "One family, one child" culture. Peiyun also argues that the states used incentives and disincentives to control its population. She illustrates this idea with a simple example where mothers with only one child are given a longer maternity leave and certain amount of money to help these families raising their only child in good conditions. She believes that that by providing women with knowledge and technical expertise will help in improving their status in the society, which will help China to overcome many problems. On the other hand, the disincentives are represented in collecting social welfare fees from the families who do not follow family planning program. She concludes with an illustration for the of the outcomes and results of the state's policy by comparing the conditions of China before and after enforcing the one-child-policy. She concludes with the title "Danger Remaining" to emphasize that the danger is remaining until the number of births per year reduces from 20 million to 14 million. On the other hand, the writers of "Rethinking family values" Carroll Bogert and George Wehrfritz believe that there must be an alternative solution for the one-child-policy because it is considered a serious violation for human rights. The writers introduce the roots of the problem when China was under the leadership of Mao. Then they gravely criticize the methods used by the government to control the population in China by using inhuman systems like forced abortions and forced sterilization. Another problem that emerged because of the wrong enforcement of the one-child-policy is the gender imbalance. Chinese prefer boys rather than girls because boys support their families later, but girls do not as they marry and leave their families. Finally, the writers support their opinion with simple words from Peng Peiyun who issued a circular listing" seven don's" of population policy (don't beat up people who have an unplanned birth; don't burn their houses down, etc.), however, it has never been published. Thus, it is obvious that the one-child-policy is a considered a serious violation for the human rights not only in China but also in the whole world. The "Rethinking of family values" articles illustrates the severe impacts of the one-child-policy, which is implemented violently by the state over its poor people. From the surface, the one-child-policy seems the perfect solution for the over population in China. First, the one-child-policy, which is applied in China since the 1970 of this century, has many violations against the human rights as it prevents the casual person from having children,...
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