China's Emergence as a Superpower

Topics: People's Republic of China, Han Chinese, Mao Zedong Pages: 5 (1552 words) Published: May 1, 2007
"The 19th century belonged to the British. The 20th century belonged to the United States. But the 21st century belongs to China," -- Jim Rogers, Hedge fund manager

China's population is one of the greatest natural resources on the planet. Its citizens are becoming more educated, diligent, aspiring and comprise nearly a quarter of the world's population. The combination of China's massive size and rapid modernization is creating the framework for an emerging superpower.

China's growing economy is not only gaining international prestige, but its confidence has soared as it continues to be the world's fastest growing economy for the past three decades. "China's rise as a manufacturing base is going to have the same kind of impact on the world that the industrialization of the U.S. had, perhaps even bigger," stated Andy Xie, a Hong-Kong based economist with Morgan Stanley.

It is particularly important to note both the causes and the impact of the emergence of China as a superpower. Although, in order for the impact to be assessed, the underlying causes must be analyzed first. Thus, the purpose of this argument is to critically examine the causes of China's emergence as a superpower. In doing so, a retrospective analysis of China's history will be conducted so that the appropriate transitions underlying the causes of China's growth can be analyzed.

Most importantly, it should be understood why it is important to learn and become educated about the causes of China's emergence as a superpower. The growth and emergence of China as a superpower has many implications/consequences that can be beneficial or detrimental depending on how the situation is approached. Furthermore, it is important to maximize any opportunities that may emerge from China's growth. However at the same token, if not handled or understood appropriately, challenges could exist that could hinder the growth and future, of opposing nations.

As China continues to grow as a superpower, its people, modernization tactics, and Western influence and global influence of the country will be the underlying factors governing China's growth. Firstly, the people of China and their Confucianism values, also known more stereotypically as "Asian values", will continue to play an important role in the growth of the Chinese economy. Secondly, the modernization and reform tactics created and implemented by both Mao Zedong and particularly Deng Xiaoping, allowed for the creation of a planned economy and more successfully, the shift towards a market economy, under each respective ruler. Lastly, Western influence and China's international influence, will continue to play a significant role in the emergence of China as a superpower as Chinese citizens and the country as a whole, continue to strive for a Western lifestyle based on materialism. (LAVISH GOODS AND RESOURCES:OIL)

The people of China will continue to play a vital role in the emergence of China as a superpower. This is due to a combination of factors such as openness to competition, high level of literacy and education and the principle/incentives for savings and investments. All these factors have one underlying theme—"Asian values". These values possessed by Asians have origins from Confucianism. The emphasis of diligence, education (obedience), savings and investments, and the sense of communal (state) growth, all are principles of Confucianism.

The emphasis of education and diligence can be seen in multiple ways. As Mark Twain said, "They [Chinese] are quiet, peaceable, tractable, and free from drunkenness." He also stated, "A disorderly Chinaman is rare, and a lazy one does not exist." This was stated in regards to the Chinese immigrants in the United States working on the railroad project despite their unjust wages and unreasonably low social status. These Chinese immigrants in America worked prudently with one aspiration—to send money back to China to support their...
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