Childrens skin hair teeth - NVQ Level 2

Topics: Teeth, Hygiene, Skin Pages: 5 (1612 words) Published: October 16, 2014
How to look after children’s hair, skin and teeth
Children’s skin and hair should be appropriately looked after as when children develop they become more and more independent especially in their skin and hair care routines. It is vital to make sure the children are being washed and taught to look after themselves whilst they are being cared for by parents, guardians or staff at the nursery. If a child has really bad skin or an infection he/she will start to feel uncomfortable which is terrible for a young child to go through. Parents and staff members at the setting need to cooperate with one another in order to find out about the child’s skin and hair care routine. Every child may have different routines based on their family’s traditions and needs if the child has an allergy or irritation, the parents will have to advice staff at the setting what products would be best to use for them. SKINCARE

Daily skin care for toddlers
The skin protects the body from catching any infections, a few points to avoid this are: Changing nappies carefully to keep away from infections
Wipe or wash the sweat of bodies to avoid sore areas and inflammation Keep the skin moisturised appropriately
Young children should be taught how to wash their hands and praising them should encourage them to want to repeat the routine again as well as making them confident Hand wash should be used carefully as it may dry the skin out if too much is given continuously to children Never should any child be left alone near water

Only use specific products which are given and agreed by parents to use if children have allergies or skin conditions for example eczema. Use gentle, fragrance-free cleansers and soaps.
To prevent dry skin and rashes, apply sufficient amounts of moisturizer after bathing.

Bug bites
-The most common bug bites are from fleas, mosquitoes, wasps, or bees. -To avoid bug bites, apply an insect repellent which will help fast -Bites and stings are very common in children, mainly during the spring and summer months. Among the insects that often bite and sting are spiders, mites, mosquitoes, flies, fleas, ants, bees, and wasps.

Skin Care Routine
For Children 1 year and older-
Babies and children should have daily showers every week to keep clean as they do often sweat whilst sleeping and so bathing is important in order to keep them hygienic. If in some cases the baby or child is advised not to bathe every day due to dry skin or eczema then there another way of is to gently wash their hands/fingertips with a soft cloth and only in key areas wash the face, under arms and the groin area which are the main areas. After the children have been washed a moisturiser should be applied on the entire body with the correct cream that matches the child’s skin.

Babies (Under 1 year):
Gently wipe the body with a soft cloth once a day with a mild cleanser. Tenderly wipe the face with water. Babies are recommended to bathe every 2-3 days a week. after they have been washed, with the appropriate creams moisturise the whole of the body especially on the areas such as elbows, knees and hands as they tend to become dry. Moisturising for babies under 6 months is not necessary as the skin does not get dry due to the pores still developing however if there are any dry patches then the creams should be applied. The products for children and babies that should be used are lightly fragranced shampoos, body wash or products like Johnson Head to Toe body wash is simple to apply and does the entire job as shampoo or conditioner is not needed, everything is inside the product already or Aveeno Baby Moisturizing Lotion is another option.

HAIRCARE
- Taking to parents or the child, will help staff find out about the child’s needs - Children with allergies will require certain or recommended products from parents -Head lice is common, the lice live on the scalp. There are...
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