Children's functional health pattern assessment

Topics: Sleep, Child, Childhood Pages: 15 (5442 words) Published: November 16, 2014

Children’s Functional Health Pattern Assessment
Functional Health Pattern Assessment (FHP)

Toddler
Erickson’s Developmental Stage:
1-3 Years old
Autonomy vs shame
Preschool-Aged
Erickson’s Developmental Stage:
3-6 years old
Initiative vs guilt

School-Aged
Erickson’s Developmental Stage:
6 years old-puberty
Industry vs inferiority
Pattern of Health Perception and Health Management:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

(Edelman, 2014)

A toddler is dependent on their parents for their health management. They are not capable of making decision and 100% rely on their parents to manage their health. They will preform task like brushing their teeth. They may also participate in activities such as bedtime rituals because their parent taught them to do the task. They do not understand that these tasks are preventative measures. Preschool age children will start to be aware of the internal makeup of their body and not just the external parts of the body. They are more aware of the function of their body and start to understand how things work. Children who are preschool age will have curiosity about the opposite sex. Health management is also greatly influenced by teachings of the child’s parents. School age children have the ability to participate in health promotion and prevention. They have a better understanding of concepts of brushing their teeth to prevent cavities or washing their hands to prevent getting sick. Understanding measures to prevent illness is a concept that early in childhood they did not comprehend. School age children can develop health patterns that prevent illness and disease.

One of the potential problems a nurse may come across in a toddler is the child is dependent upon what their parent’s perception of health may be. Parent’s health perception influences the child’s management. Another problem that may arise regarding health management is compliance. If the parent is noncompliant in their own health management then they will most likely be noncompliant with their child’s health management. A nurse can provide the parent with education regarding importance of health management. The children in this age group only understand cause and effect. The do not understand the concept that are needed to comprehend prevention of injury. Health perception is greatly influenced by the parent’s health perception. Preventative task need to be taught by the parent. Examples of health management teachings are brushing teeth regularly; sleep routines, and healthy diet intake. School age children understand they will get sick but they do not understand how it works. The parents should reinforce encouragement of good health promotion and prevention to the child. Development level must be considered when teaching a child health promotion and management. Development varies greatly between the ages of 6 years old and puberty. The teaching provided to the child should be catered to the developmental level of the child. Nutritional-Metabolic Pattern:

List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.

List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.

(Edelman, 2014)

A toddler is normally weaned from the bottle. They are able to eat foods and nutrition is no longer only provided by breast milk, formula, or milk through a bottle. It is normal for a toddler to have fluctuations in growth and appetite during this developmental stage of their life. Preschool age children often refuse new introduced foods. A parent should encourage their child to have healthy eating habits. The meals provided should be a well-rounded healthy diet. The parent’s food choices also influence the...

References: Edelman, C. (2014). Health Promotion Throughout the Life span (8th ed.). Retrieved from VitalBook
Faria, S., & Glidden, C. (1997). Patient assessment. Assessment of the child: what’s different? Home Care Provider, 2(6), 282-285.
Gavrila, C., & Palicica, M. (2010). Reserving the rural cultural heritage: a few considerations. Agricultural Management, 12(1), 1-6.
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