children & young people
1 Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years.
1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth -19 years:
Children’s development is continuous. They can develop at different time because they have different life experiences and that means that they develop at different rate and ways.
Development does not mean only the physical growth of the children but also include the skills and knowledge that they are developing.
Development is dividing into the following area:
Physical development: provides children with the abilities they need to explore and interact with the world around them.
Communication: the development of language is perhaps one of the most astounding things to observe. This area is about learning how to communicate with other people and it is linked to cognitive or intellectual development.
Cognitive or intellectual development: look at the way in which the brain processes information, the abilities associated with memory, reasoning, problem solving and thinking continue to emerge throughout the childhood.
Social, emotional and behavioural development: look at how individuals develop social skills and build relationships with other people and knowing which behaviour is acceptable and to have the ability to control emotions.
Moral: It is a major topic of interest in both physical and education and it is about the decisions of behaviour that children and young people take towards other.
All the areas of development are connect to each other and they work together.
Babies at birth:
Babies are born with many reflexes. Much of your baby’s activity in his/her first weeks of life is reflexive. For instance, when you put your finger in her mouth, he/ she doesn’t think about what to do, but sucks by reflex.
Swallowing and sucking reflexes, they help