Children of alcoholic parents are not necessarily doomed to a dysfunctional existence. There are many factors that contribute to a positive or negative outcome of a child that was exposed to an alcoholic household.
Some children of alcoholics may act more responsible within the family and among friends. They may cope with the alcoholism by becoming overachievers throughout school, and at the same time be emotionally isolated from other children and teachers. Their emotional problems may show only when they become adults
It is also possible that alcohol misuse by a parent may increase a child's willingness to experiment with illegal drugs. a question that ha!s
received little attention is whether maternal, paternal, or both parents' alcohol abuse is associated with offspring substance usé.
Westermeyer, Yoon, and Thuras (2007)
found two parents with alcohol use disorder was related to earlier age of offspring drinking as compared to one parent with alcohol use disorder.
Some researchers have found that fathers' drinking seems to
have a stronger influence on the development of adolescent drirücing (Chassin et al., 1996; Gruber, Celan, Golik-Gruber, Agius, & Murphy, 20()7; Pollock et al., 1987). However, mothers tend to bear the major responsibility for children's daily lives through the work and school week (e.g., DeCaro & Worthman, 2007), and mothers are more likely to adjust their daily schedules and labor market activities in response to child needs (Gomick & Meyers, 2003). Similarly, even when mothers work outside the home they are more engaged with and available to children for a greater part of the day than fathers (McBride «fe Mills, 1993; Robinson & Godbey, 1997). For these reasons, we hypothesized that among ACOAs, two parents' or mothers' suspected alcohol abuse would be associated with more negative outcomes than
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