People in our society do not have much information about Down Syndrome unless they specifically research it or have someone in their family that was born with this condition otherwise they may have only been influenced by what they have seen in movies or on the television. I would like to know the facts and statistics on having a Down syndrome infant. A baby born with Down syndrome has various elements associated with the fertilized egg, characteristics of a newborn with Down syndrome and the chromosome aspect. A child is still a child whether they have a high risk disorder or the child has been born without.
Down syndrome is a natural occurring chromosome condition. It affects the learning and motor development of a child. Extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops Nehring, Vessey 445). This is a universal disorder not related to race, nationality, religion or our status in society. The first to describe Down syndrome was Jean Etienne Esquirol in 1838 (Nehring, Vessey 445). John Langdon Down described the condition 1887 and was named after him. It wasn’t until later in 1959 that the extra chromosome was identified as the cause (Nehring, Vessey 445). Down syndrome itself does not require either treatment or prevention more so it needs to be understood and approached in a positive manor. The same illnesses and conditions can be present in the general population. Down syndrome affects the learning and motor development of a child (Nehring, Vessey 445). Another name for this condition is Trisomy 21 (Nehring, Vessey 445). Having a baby with Down syndrome is not a curse; they are just as loving, caring and eager to learn as any other child.
At the time of conception a baby inherits genetic information from their parents in the form of 46 chromosomes. The child receives 23 chromosomes from the mother and 23 chromosomes from the father (Patterson 195-214). The baby gets an extra chromosome 21 he or she will have Down syndrome. The extra genetic material causes the physical features and development delays associated with Down syndrome (Patterson 195-214). There are 3 different types of chromosomal abnormalities that can lead to a baby being born with Down syndrome (Patterson 195-214). Trisomy 21 is the most common occurrence with 95% of the babies being born with this, 4% of babies are born with a type called Translocation (Patterson 195-214). Mosaicism is the rarest type to happen. The mother’s age has an effect on whether the baby will be born with Trisomy 21 (Patterson 195-214). When the mother is younger than 30, she is less likely to concieve a baby with Down syndrome, about 1 in 1,000 (Patterson 195-214). The women who become pregnant at age 35 have a greater chance of having a baby with Down syndrome, with about 1 in 400 (Patterson 195-214). The likely hood of having a child with Down syndrome continues with the woman’s age. The mother has an 88% chance of giving an extra chromosome 21 to the child and the father has an 8% chance of providing the extra chromosome 21 (Patterson 195-214). The last remaining 2% is due to mitotic errors (Patterson 195-214). Overall the mother is the most common carrier of the Down syndrome gene, and is likely to past this on to her children.
A baby, when he or she is born has a very happy and inviting face no matter what ‘defect’ their born with. The writers descried a baby born with Down syndrome is of average size, a child tends to grow at a slower rate and remains smaller than his or her peers (Hadi, Sharony, Goldberg-Bittman, Biron-Shental, Feigin, Amiel, 23- 26). The babies seem floppy when there born because of hyper flexibility and have low muscle tone known as hypotonia (Hadi, Sharony, Goldberg-Bittman, Biron-Shental, Feigin, Amiel, 23- 26). Every child is different and will have individual characteristics. There are a number of traits that can identify a child with Down syndrome. Their eyes have an upward and outward slant, a...
Cited: Hadi, Efrat, Reuven Sharony, Lilach Goldberg-Bittman, Tal Biron-Shental, Moshe Feigin, and Aliza Amiel. “Telomere aggregates in trisomy 21 amniocytes” Acedemic Search Complete 195. 1 (2009). 23- 26. Print.
Hayman, Bob. “Reflecting on a meta-synthesis of qualitative papers concerned with pregnant women 's decision-making about prenatal screening for Down syndrome: A commentary on Reid, Sinclair, Barr, Dobbs and Crealey.” Acedemic Search Complete 69.11(2009). 1574- 1576. Print.
Nehring. Wendy, Jane, Vessey. Primary Care of the Child with a Chronic Condition (3rd ed). Missouri: Mosby Inc, 2000. Print
Patterson, David. “Molecular genetic analysis of Down syndrome.” Academic Search Complete 126. 1 (2009). 195- 214. Print.
Zampini, Laura, and Laura D’Odorico. “Communicative gestures and vocabulary development in 36-month-old children with Down 's syndrome” Academic Search Complete 44.6 (2009). 1063-1073. Print.
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