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Childhood Obesity

By fashiontch Jan 25, 2014 646 Words

Childhood Obesity: An Annotated Bibliography

Kornides, M.L., Kitsantas, P., &Villarruel, A. (2011).Factors associated with obesity in Latino children. Hispanic Health Care International, 9(3).

Several factors determine the high prevalence of obesity among Latino children. The intention of this article was to reassess the latest literature on the factors related to overweight and obesity in Latino children furnish nursing implications, and propose direction for future research. Twenty four studies were chosen. The findings of this review indicated that factors affiliated with diet, activity, the environment, genetics and acculturation influence overweight and obesity in Latino children. Parental body mass index (BMI) was systematically found to be one of the effective predictors of pediatric weight. There was inconsistent information for the association of environmental factors, activity and diet with obesity. There was also undetermined evidence for the kinship between BMI and acculturation in Latino children. The intensity of the studies critiqued included analyses by large Latino sample sizes inclusion of both English Spanish speakers and Latino subgroup. Restrictions included lack of data on potential confounding factors and inadequate sample sizes in some studies, such as immigration and acculturation status. Upcoming research is needed to find but how factors connected with obesity, can be utilized in prevention efforts targeting Latino children (Kornides, Kitsantas, & Villarruel, 2011).

Karnik, S., & Kanekar, A. (2012, January). Childhood Obesity: A Global Public Health Crisis. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 3(1).

Childhood obesity is a major public health crisis internationally and nationally. The ratio of childhood obesity has multiplied over the last few years. It is caused by imbalance between calories utilized and calorie intake. One or more factors (environmental, genetic, and behavioral) can cause obesity in children. Social, physical, and psychological health problems are caused due to childhood obesity. Therefore, efficient intervention strategies are being utilized to control and prevent obesity in children. The intention of this piece of writing is to address different factors influencing childhood obesity, a mixture of governmental actions and interventions addressing obesity and the situations ahead for managing this epidemic. Some of the interventions used were hospital based, family based, community based, play based, and school based. The efficient school based interventions were seen making physical activity along with healthy diet education. The leading challenges faced by these intervention programs are financial, along with disapproval of obese children. Governments along with other health care establishments are taking efficient steps like environmentally safe interventions and policy changing for children to improve physical activity (Karnik & Kanekar, 2012).

Boddy, L. M., & Hackett, A. F. (2010). Changes in Fitness, Body Mass Index and Obesity in 9-10 year olds. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 254-259.

The prevalence of obesity in children has multiplied considerably in recent years and poor fitness and pediatric obesity are risk factors for disease. The present study aimed to evaluate changes in body mass index (BMI), the prevalence of obesity and changes in aerobic strength over time in nine and ten year old school children. The information suggests a plateau in the yearly growth in BMI in nine and ten year olds, independent of deprivation and fitness and a declining number of obesity in female children. Stages of aerobic endurance have declined independent of Body mass index and deprivation. The latest obesity interventions in place seem to be having some effect on BMI, but further investment is urged to promote health and fitness in children (Boddy & Hackett, 2010). In conclusion, each of my references chosen for this topic was “peer reviewed” references. I selected each reference from the University of Phoenix Library and each reference was published by a University or a recognized scholarly publisher. I mentioned two ways a reader and/or writer could identify if any article or journal is a Scholarly “Peer Review” reference. Also, my references were sent out for an anonymous review, this is yet another way to tell that my references chosen on the topic of Childhood Obesity was “peer reviewed”.

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