Kevin C. Towery
Research Speech Outline
CHILDHOOD APRAXIA OF SPEECH
General Purpose: To inform
Specific Purpose: To provide information to the audience about the speech disorder known as childhood apraxia of speech.
Thesis Statement: Apraxia is a rare disorder that if left untreated can persist into adulthood, causing a child to suffer years of frustration from being unable to communicate effectively.
I. Attention-getter – Who here tonight has known someone who has or has had a speech disorder? (Pause) Everyone can raise his or her hand, since you know me. II. Thesis Statement – Apraxia is a rare disorder that if left untreated can persist into adulthood, causing a child to suffer years of frustration from being unable to communicate effectively. III. Credibility – I have read numerous articles and support websites about apraxia and I have also personally gone through four years of speech therapy for this disorder. IV. Preview of points – Tonight I am doing to discuss childhood apraxia, what the speech disorder is, what causes it, how it is diagnosed, and how it is treated.
(Transition: To understand what causes Apraxia, we must first understand what the disorder is.)
I. What is Apraxia?
a. For every 10,000 children 1 in 10 are affected by apraxia. (Shriberg, Aram, & Kwiatkowski, 1997a) b. Controversy around its definition, cause, treatment and diagnosis. c. Disorder attributed to deficits of the nervous system that impact the ability to sequence and say sounds, syllables, and words. d. A child knows what they want to say, but the brain can’t tell the right body parts the correct way to move in order to say it properly. e. Called by various names (slide showing various names)
(Internal Transition: Just as there are varying medical definitions of apraxia, the topic of how it is caused has multiple theories.)
II. What causes Apraxia in children?...
Bibliography: Apraxia Kids Web Site. 1996. 4 Apr. 2005.
Childhood Apraxia of Speech. 2005. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. 4 Apr. 2005.
Velleman, Shelley. Childhood Apraxia of Speech. Delmar Learning, 2003.
LIST OF MATERIALS/VISUAL AIDS:
Power Point Presentation
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