Child Sexual Abuse
Unit 6 Project
Child sexual abuse is a form of child abuse where an adult or adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation. Child sexual abuse doesn 't always involve body contact. Exposing a child to sexual situations or material is sexually abusive, whether or not touching is involved (Smith 2013). Statistics states that 1 in 5 girls and 1 in 20 boys is a victim of child sexual abuse (Finkelhor 2012). Studies show that 20% of adult females and 5-10% of adult males recall a childhood sexual assault or sexual abuse incident (Finkelhor 2012). According to a 2003 National Institute of Justice report, 3 out of 4 adolescents who have been sexually assaulted were victimized by someone they knew well. Child sexual abuse is a kept secret that mentally and physically destroy children every day.
The two groups of signs regarding child sexual abuse are physical and behavior. Physical signs of child abuse include pain, redness, bleeding, or discharge around the vagina, anus or mouth area (Child Welfare). Other physical signs may be bed wetting and persistent pain during urination or bowl movements. In younger children or babies, parents discover the child’s hymen is torn or missing, vaginal opening greater than 5mm, or injury to the penis or scrotum (Child Welfare). With child sexual abuse the child’s behavior may sometimes drastically change. For instance, the child will try their best to avoid certain people without obvious reasons. Other signs the child doesn’t want to change clothes in front of others or distant themselves.
There are three forms of sexual abuse including touching, non-touching, and sexual exploitation. The first form will be touching which can be fondling, masturbation, exhibitionism etc. Penetrating a child’s vagina or anus with a penis or any object that doesn’t have a medical purpose is a form of child sexual abuse (Child Welfare). Another one will be having a child touch any sexual organ on another
References: Doak J. Melissa. Child Abuse and Domestic Violence. Detroit: Information Plus, 2009 Moelker, Wendy. (2001). Consequences of Sexual Abuse. 2008. Kolb, H. (2012). Child sexual abuse statistics. Retrieved from http://www.victimsofcrime.org Smith, M. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm Ken Singer, K. S. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.malesurvivor.org/ArchivedPages/char.html Hetico, H. R., & Marcinko, D. E. (2011). The Business of Medical Practice: Transformational Health 2.0 Skills for Doctors. New York: Springer Pub. C Finkelhor, D. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.americanhumane.org/children/stop-child-abuse/fact-sheets/child-sexual-abuse.html (2013). Retrieved from website: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/usermanuals/sexabuse/sexabusec.cfm