Child Rights Under the Un Convention

Topics: Human rights, Health care, Childhood Pages: 6 (2347 words) Published: April 1, 2013
Children rights under the UN Convention

“No social problem is universal as the oppression of a child. No slave was ever so much the property of his master as the child is of his parent” (Maria Montessori). Children rights are applicable to every human being under the age of 18 years, regardless of their race, sex, colour or social background. Despite the rights outline by the United Nation Convention there are various persons who try to violate these rights. Children are like flowers they have to be nourished and groom so that they can blossom and spread their fragrances for a brighter future. In the United Nation Convention there are four categories of rights. This paper will clearly explain these categories of rights and present a discussion on whether or not these rights are being violated or catered to. The United Nation Convention on the rights of a Child is a comprehensive, internationally, binding agreement on the rights of children, adopted by the United Nation General Assembly in 1989. This convention is established to transform the way the world view children. The Convention protects children's rights by setting standards in health care, education and legal, civil and social services. The Convention spells out four categories of rights that a child under 18 has. The first category of rights is Survival Rights, these includes the right to life and the needs that are more basic to existence, such as nutrition, shelter, adequate standard of living and access to medical services. The second category of rights is, Development Rights which includes the right to an education, play, leisure, cultural activities and access to information. The third category of rights is Protection Rights this includes the right to be protected from abuse, neglect, exploitation and discrimination. The fourth category of rights is Participation Rights this encompasses children’s freedom to express opinion, to have a say in matters affecting their own lives, to join associations and to assemble peacefully (Barrow, 2002). The first category of rights I would like to discuss is the right to survival that is outline by the UN Convention in article 6, “All children have the right to life. Governments should ensure that children survive and develop health.” I believe that this right is being violated and to a lesser extent catered to. The term survival means to have the ability to enjoy another day of life, happiness and content without the interference of human. This right is violated on regular bases in our society, where children are killed by numerous personal. Children right to survival which encompasses the right to life has being violated when parent kill the children or when they are murdered by civilians. We all can attest to these scenarios, when the pressures of life are unbearable for parents and they killed the entire family include themselves and the kids. For example, it was alleged that a man killed his two sons and then hung himself in Trelawney because the children’s mother decides to leave him. In this case the children’s right to life was violated; they did not get the equal opportunity to live their lives to the fullest. Another reason why I believe that the children’s right to life is violated; is when children are killed innocently in shoot out by law men or gun men. For example in Trelawney, where eight year old, Imani Green was shot and killed by gunman in a bar. Parents did not take the child safety into consideration because she should not be at that place and at that time. As well as the gun man have no regard for children. Thus, she was killed innocently. The chance to survive is a right owed to every child, parents and state should safe regard that right. On the other hand United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is the leading organization that is working to end preventable child death. Therefore, I believe that this organization can do more to ensure that the lives of the children are...
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