RUNNING HEAD: Child Pornography
University of Phoenix
Child pornography is a known computer crime. “The Internet has created an exciting new world of information and communication for anyone with access to online services” (What is Child Pornography, 2008). Technology allows society the opportunity to learn about the things that are going on in the world via the Internet, but at the same time it has a major impact on the sexual exploitation of children, for example, the distribution of sexually exploitive images of children. Technology has modernized rapidly, making it easy to access and distribute images of children. When individuals have access to home computer technology it decreases the cost of production internationally. “Computer technology is transforming the production of these images into a sophisticated global cottage industry” (What is Child Pornography, 2008). “Child pornography is illegal under federal laws and laws in all 50 states; however, researchers and law enforcement officials believe this crime is increasing and the increase is related to growing Internet use” (What is Child Pornography, 2008). The United States Department of Justice created a regional task force to provide assistance to state and local law enforcement officials in combating crimes against children. They have also provided a number of resources to decrease the amount of child pornography, such as funding for the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children’s CyberTipline, www.cybertipline.com. This website allows the public to contact law enforcement with any information on child pornography and exploitation (CyberTipline, 2008). Online predators are constantly looking for victims. They frequent “kids only” chat rooms and begin communicating with children who freely give personal information about themselves to strangers. “A survey conducted by the Crimes against Children Research Center at the University of New Hampshire found that one in five youth who regularly use the Internet received a sexual solicitation or approach over the Internet in 1999” (What is Child Pornography, 2008). Predators communicate as often as possible with the child through chat rooms, and as they to communicate with them they sometimes introduce the child to sexual content during the conversations. Child predators also send pornographic images to the children while online; when the children see other children participating in such activity they begin to think that this type of behavior is acceptable. When children think this behavior is acceptable, they are easily convinced and taken advantage of by the predator. Child pornographers are very secretive in their activities. While searching the Internet there may be a possibility that adults as well as children may come across some prohibited images. According to research, at least 20 % of pornographic activity that is found on the Internet involves children. Parents and or guardians should realize that it is imperative that they monitor all online activities that their children are involved in. When online activities of children are not monitored by their parents they are subject to become a victim of child pornography. Child pornographers are prowling on the Internet to take advantage of a child. Research on the motives of those individuals who take interest in child pornography is limited. Within the information that exists, it’s suggested that pornographers come from a diverse group of individuals and they choose to participate in pornography for a number of reasons. Those who possess child pornography include people who are: • Sexually interested in prepubescent children(pedophiles) or young adults adolescents (hebephiles), • Sexually “indiscriminate,” meaning they are constantly looking for new and different sexual stimuli. • Sexually curious, downloading a few images to satisfy that curiosity....
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CyberTipline. (2008) Retrieved March 10, 2008 from www.cybertipline.com
Federal Bureau of Investigation: Innocent Images National Initiative. (2007) Retrieved March 10, 2008 from http://www.fbi.gov/publications/innocent.htm.
FindLaw for Legal Professionals. (n.d) Retrieved March 8, 2008 from caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=000&invol=00-795 - 120k
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Montaldo, C. U.S. Customs Agents Battle Child Pornography (2008) Retrieved March 9, 2008 from http://crime.about.com/od/childporn/a/customs_porn.htm.
What is Child Pornography? (2008) Retrieved March 9, 2008 from http://www.missingkids.com/missingkids/servlet/PageServlet?PageId=1504
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