Obesity in America’s Youth
Obesity in America’s Youth
Obesity is defined as having excess body fat and is often a result of a high caloric imbalance. Over the past three decades childhood obesity has tripled in the United States, becoming an epidemic of vast proportions. In recent years, Pediatricians are routinely treating atherosclerosis and even type II diabetes, something usually only seen in the older generation. Today, children are beginning to feel the effects of low self-esteem, which can be directly linked to problems with self-image, specifically being overweight or obese. Many have concluded that with all of the new technology that we have in society, children are no longer playing outside like they used to. Now, a large percentage of children sit inside and watch hours of television, play video games, or play on the computer, contributing to child obesity and ultimately their self-esteem. Obesity is preventable, but families and communities must unite before this outbreak grows and permanently affects our nations children, the leaders of tomorrow. The following articles examine childhood obesity through three different, yet somewhat similar lenses: the use of a mind, exercise, nutrition, and diet program (MEND) (Sacher, Chadwick, Wells, Williams, Cole, & Lawson, 2005), using qualitative evaluations of parental perspectives on treatment (Stweart, Chappele, Hughes, Poustie, & Reilly, 2008), and simply the exclusive treatment of parents alone (Jansen, Jansen, & Mulkens, 2011).
The first article by Sacher, Chadwick, Wells, Williams, Cole, and Lawson (2005) uses a system called MEND, and initially measures a child’s circumference, body mass index (BMI), cardiovascular fitness (heart rate, blood pressure and number of steps in 2 minutes), self-esteem and body composition, along with the parents BMI. The purpose of the experiment was to investigate the effects of exercise and other physical activities among the participants involved (Sacher,...
References: Stewart, L., Chapple, J., Hughes, A., Poustie, V., & Reilly, J. (2008). The use ofbehavioural change techniques in the treatment of paediatric obesity: qualitative evaluation of parental perspectives on treatment. Journal Of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, 21(5), 464-473.
Sacher, P., Chadwick, P., Wells, J., Williams, J., Cole, T., & Lawson, M. (2005). Assessing the acceptability and feasibility of the MEND Programme in a small group of obese 7-11-year-old children. Journal Of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, 18(1), 3-5.
Jansen, E. E., Mulkens, S. S., & Jansen, A. A. (2011). Tackling childhood overweight: treating parents exclusively is effective. International Journal Of Obesity, 35(4), 501-509. doi:10.1038/ijo.2011.16
Please join StudyMode to read the full document