Topics:ChildPages: 48 (1789 words)Published: May 7, 2013
ChildLabour in The Philippines
Childlabour can be defined as a part of a community which is forced or participate to work even if they are paid or not. Which are harmful to their health and dispossess them the chances to education, development, and a healthy living. Childlabour is one the major problems here in Camarines sur. Since we are a third world country, even if we are not capable to do work, we are obligated to find a job to and sustain our needs. It is linked to poverty and lack of decent and productive work. It makes the children away from school.
The measurement of child work cannot be divorced from its
economic and social significance. traditionally, a welfare perspective
has been adopted, by which childlabour is regarded spective has
been adopted, by which childlabour is regarded as an evil to be
eliminated. But it is difficult to make a general welfare judgement on
the work of children that can be maintained across time and cultures.
In many societies, particularly in low-income rural areas, a gradual
incorporation of the child into work activity occurs between the ages
of about 5 and 15, so that, whether for good or for bad, child work
is part of the process of socialisation. Some types of work are a source
of pride, atatus and perhaps independence...
The role of government in childlabourChild labor is not an easy issue to resolve, it is globally. Children trading something on the streets, separated from families, kept out of schools, suffering from injuries, even dying because of hard work. It is something that should be changed. Therefore I agree that government should role this field. I choose to write about this theme, because government and society must do a lot more to help children. It would be great if government could reduce childlabour to a minimum.
Childlabour was employed to varying extents through most of history, especially during the Industrial Revolution, working in production factories with dangerous, and often fatal, working conditions. World is progressing and changing, but childlabour is still common in some parts of the world like Asia, Africa. That shows that question of childlabour should be undertaken tight by the government. Nowadays there are organizations made to help children around the world, working for their rights, survival, development, education and protection. One of those is UNICEF (United Nations International Children`s Emergency Fund), which statistic data shows that Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest rates of childlabour in the world with more than one-third of...
...Childlabour is a major problem in India. It is a great challenge that the country is facing. The prevalence of it is evident by the child work participation rates which are higher in India than in other developing countries. Estimates cite figures of childlabour between 60 and 115 million working children in India, the highest number in the world (Human Rights Watch, 1996). It is basically rooted in poverty.
It is poverty that forces a child to earn money to support his family. Though it is prevalent in the whole of the country, the problem is acute in socio- economically weaker States like UP, Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and North-Eastern States. Besides poverty, lack of education, and accessible sources of credit forces poor parents to engage their children as childlabour. The big challenge for India, as a developing country is to provide nutrition, education and health care to these children.
There are more children under the age of fourteen in India than the entire population of the United States. Over 85 per cent of this childlabour is in the country’s rural areas, working in agricultural activities, such as farming, livestock rearing, forestry and fisheries. This labour is outside the formal sector, and also outside industry. Moreover, nine out of ten children working...
...UNICEF summarized the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child as spelling out the “basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life”. This convention is almost universally ratified. Despite this, childlabour (something that in many cases violates at least three of the non-negotiable terms laid out in the Convention of the Rights of the Child) remains rampant in most of the world. Despite this being such a widely known (and publicized) issue, the most recent estimate states that “127 million boys and 88 million girls are involved in childlabour with 74 million boys and 41 million girls involved in the worst forms”. Childlabour is an extremely complex, multi-faceted issue with roots including corruption of power, racism, sexism, cultural traditions and an uneven distribution of global wealth. In light of this, it is my contention that the international community is making strides to a future without childlabour through targeting multiple angles and causes behind childlabour.
This paper will try to analyze individual instruments the international community (ILO, UN) is using in its attempt to eradicate child...
It is widely accepted that one of the key components to a healthy future is a good education. Education is so important that in most well-developed countries, it is the law, with a punishment for refusing to go to school. However, children around the world are deprived of this essential right. These children are unlawfully forced into working long hours in horrible conditions, and are often in contact with hazardous materials. Child labor occurs the most in areas of high poverty as well as lack of schooling. In some parts of Africa, 50% of children age 5-14 are employed. Most of these children work in agriculture, which is not necessarily dangerous work, but can become very physically draining when the child is worked for excessive amounts of time without a break. Many other children work in mines, which are inherently dangerous due to the lack of safety standards. They could be exposed to dangerous chemicals and there is a very high risk for injury. The world has declared this a violation of basic human rights, because it ruins the futures of children at an early age, essentially killing any chance they could have had to be successful.
There are two major concerns around the area of child labor: lack of education and health issues. In areas of high poverty, there are generally not enough schools to educate all the children. Therefore, many children get a job to help support their family. Although it...
...Evolution of the Attitude toward Child Labor
Henry Mayhew's "Watercress Girl" and William Blake's "The Chimney-Sweeper" both focus on the child labor that was prevalent during the Romantic and Victorian time periods. Throughout both of these time periods, poverty provided the fuel that burned the fire of child exploitation. Due to the differences in the two periods, the attitudes and perceptions concerning child labor had distinctive variations. These works provide a brief look at the evolution and change of the attitudes and perceptions surrounding child labor.
Poverty provided the basis for the need of children workers. For instance, the narrator of "The Chimney Sweeper" states that his father sold him before he, "could scarcely cry " 'weep! 'weep! 'weep! 'weep!" (3). He establishes that his father subsequently sold his childhood and innocence. He even mentions when his friend, Tom Dacre, lost his innocence along with his childlike curls in the quote, "There's little Tom Dacre, who cried when his head,/ That curl'd like a lamb's back. was shav'd" (5). Poverty also provided the basis of the exploitation of the protagonist of Henry Mayhew's "Watercress Girl." She is described as wearing "a thin cotton gown" (1069) in severe weather.
The loss of a childhood because the need to work provides a basis for the outlooks of the youth mentioned. The little boy in "The Chimney Sweeper"describes a dream...
...How can Americans help to end child labor? Well first I think it’s important to know what child labor is. Child labor is the use of children in industry or business, when illegal or considered inhumane. It is also work that harms children or keeps them from school. Underage children work all different kinds of jobs all over the world, usually because they are extremely poor. Large amounts of children work in commercial agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and domestic service. Some children work in illicit activities like the drug trade, prostitution, and even serving as soldiers.
Luis Alberto is a 14 year old boy living in Mexico, he was hired by a gang to sell drugs but then got addicted to them. He works as a“mule” to carry, deliver, and sell drugs in small Mexican towns, or he smuggles them into the U.S. In October 2011 Luis was checked into a rehab center because of his addiction to methamphetamines. (Omar Millan) There has been no more reports on Luis, but I am wishing him well and I hope he has stayed clean and is safe.
Child prostitution probably is the worst of the worst child labor there is. Usually children involved in prostitution are very poor or they are loaners and have no family. The story of Kieu is a sad one, when her family fell to loan sharks her mother decided to have her examined by a doctor and given a “certificate of virginity”. She then was delivered to a hotel and raped...
...Child Labor in Victorian England
"The report described the children as Chained, belted, harnessed like dogs black, saturated with wet, and more than half-naked, crawling upon their hands and knees, and dragging their heavy loads behind them'" (Yancey 34). This quote from Ivor Brown probably best describes the strenuous work preformed by a child laborer during the Victorian Era. Child laborers played an important part in developing the country's economy. Children, one of the main sources of labor in Victorian England, endured less than adequate living and working conditions.
During the Victorian Period children were good sources of labor. Beginning work as young as six or seven employers saw many benefits to hiring children (Yancey 33). Adolescents were a significant part of the labor force because they could be paid lower wages (Cody). Also their naturally small and nimble hands and bodies were easily maneuverable. Employers most often hired children over adults because kids were powerless and would not revolt (Yancey 33). Economic conditions forced poor children into working, sometimes as hard and long as their parents (Cody). Essential to the economy, Parliament supported child labor saying a child was more useful to his family working (Altick 249).
Child laborers led very hard and grossly disgusting lives of filth. Generally the living quarters of laborers were poorly built,...