According to the statistics of International Labor Organization, there are 250 million children aged 5 to 14 (Todaro & Smith, 2009, p. 379) are working in developing countries, and many of them were enslaved or bonded laborers. Of these 250 million child labors, 126.3 million are doing jobs that are classified as difficult, dangerous and suitable. (Child Labour in Africa, 2006)
Africa has the highest rate of child labor in the world, which is 41%. (Todaro & Smith, 2009, p. 379) While child labor has been declining in Asia and Latin America, economic decline, war, famine and HIV/AIDS have combined to prevent this in Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa has 49.3 million children are working and have the greatest incidence of economically active children: 26.4 percent of children ages 5 to 14 in the region are at work. Also in Africa, an estimated 50,000 children are in prostitution and pornography. Some 120,000 children under the age of 18 are thought to have been coerced into taking up arms as child soldiers, or military porters, messengers, cooks or sex slaves in Africa. (Child Labour in Africa, 2006)
Children works at earlier age in Ghana and farm labor predominates. According to Bhalotra in a report published by the OECD, “work on the household farm engages 41% of boys and 44% of girls aged 10-14, while household enterprise work involves 2.5% of boys and 3.6% of girls.” (Bhalotra, 2003) This research will discuss the causes of child labor in Ghana and the effect it will have on the child, the family and the economy.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) is in forefront in combating child labor worldwide. It has several poverty reduction programs in Africa.
This project will be done in 4 phases as follows:
We will briefly discuss the general theory of child labor, what are the causes of child labor and general situation of child labor in Ghana and its effects, as well as our objective in this