Child Labor

Topics: Industrial Revolution, Factory, Cotton mill Pages: 6 (1307 words) Published: January 11, 2015
Faith Onyiuke Mrs. Morales/ Mrs. Seraphin 210 Research

Child Labor

Abstract: Child labor refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. Child labor started around the industrial revolution. During the industrial revolution, Children had always worked, especially in farming. But factory work was hard. A child with a factory job might work 12 to 18 hours a day, six days a week, to earn a dollar. Many children began working before the age of 7, tending machines in spinning mills or hauling heavy loads. The factories were often damp, dark, and dirty. Some children worked underground, in coal mines. The working children had no time to play or go to school, and little time to rest.

Introduction

     Child labor impacted America in a bad way. It started in America around the same time as the Industrial Revolution, which was around the 1800’s. The children, who had to do labor, got little to no education, so therefore couldn’t get descent jobs as an adult. Most of the jobs that children got, such as mines and factories, included being in dangerous situations, where with factories they were around dangerous machinery and with mining jobs, they were around explosives. It also ruined their childhoods because the jobs, the children got mostly included long hours with low pay, and they couldn’t do want they wanted. Child labor is very close to slavery whereas most children were forced to do the work because their parents made them.

 What is child labor?

    Child labor is where someone hires children that are under a legal age for dangerous jobs. The average legal age in most countries is between fourteen and sixteen years old. Children are usually hired for jobs such as mines, factories, fields, and enterprise. One reason that child labor is bad is because, in several cases, the children are being forced to work by their parents, and not because they want to. In some countries in the Middle East child labor makes up 10% of the labor force. 2% - 10% in most of Latin America’s labor force is made up of child labor. How did child labor start in America?

    
    Child labor started in America when the Industrial Revolution began in the 1800’s. The Industrial Revolution lasted around the 18th to the 19th century and started in Britain, then afterward spread to Western Europe, North American, Japan, and then eventually the world. It was the major changes in agriculture, agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology. The revolution had a deep impact on the economic, cultural, and social happenings of the time. Because of the major increase in factories, farmers got less pay, so they moved to London to get better pay. Many farms used child labor, and there were some people would have more children so they could work on the farm. It was a big turning point in human history. Because of the Industrial Revolution, there was more factories, and mines. They needed more workers, and with some jobs they need smaller hands, so they hired children. Children were also small and quick. What kind of life did the children who were affected by child labor have?

    They had a really boring life. The children mostly worked all day then came home to sleep. Children that worked in factories could have been as young as 4-5 years old. The main reason most children worked was because their parents were poor and needed money, or their parents were unable to support them, so they didn’t have a nice house to come home to and some didn’t have a home. The homes that most of the children lived in were very small and poorly made. The reason for this was...

References: "Child Labor." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 23 Dec. 2014.
"The History Place - Child Labor in America: Investigative Photos of Lewis Hine." The History Place - Child Labor in America: Investigative Photos of Lewis Hine. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Dec. 2014.
"Child Labor in Factories During the Industrial Revolution." Child Labor in Factories During the Industrial Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Dec. 2014.
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