Female; Age: 4yr. 5mo.; Caucasian Possible Influencing Factors: other preschool children in the general area of the school classroom; minimal attempted interaction, despite my and the teachers explanation that they needed to let us separate and alone for a little while. Female; Age: 5yr. 3mo.; African American Possible Influencing Factors: other preschool children in the general area of the school classroom; though separated at a table in the corner, she was slightly distracted by the others and their various activities. Procedure
The playdough was then formed into two identical balls. We established that they were indeed identical, the same. One ball was rolled into a snake shape. The participant was asked “Does this one have more (pointing to the snake), does this one have more (pointing to the ball), or are these the same?” The participant’s answer was recorded. The snake was then formed back into an identical ball. Next, a flat pancake was created by squishing down one of the two balls. Again, the participant was asked “Does this one have more (pointing to the pancake), does this one have more (pointing to the ball), or are they the same?” Their answer was recorded. Finally, the pancake was formed back into an identical ball. Once more, participant was asked “Does this one have more, does this one have more, or are these the same?” The participant’s answer was then recorded. The playdough was put away. A variety of colored paper circles, squares, and triangles was placed on the table very randomly. The child was asked to sort them into groups of which ones belonged together. When they were finished, they were asked why they sorted them the way they did. Their groupings and their reasons were recorded. Then the colored shapes were mixed up again. Once again, they were asked to sort them and give their reasons. This was recorded. For all of this, the two participants did these activities separately and...
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