Child Development

Topics: Childhood, Developmental psychology, Human development Pages: 5 (2192 words) Published: September 7, 2013
A child’s development is the process of growth of a child to teenage years, from dependency to increase independence. Parents should take every step necessary to ensure that children grow up in environments where their social, emotional and educational needs are met. The development of a child most often occur in unpredictable stages. Although every child develops in a unique way all children are expected to interact with their environment at an age appropriate level. Children who are between the ages of 6 and 12 grow and mature at very different rates. It is normal to the children’s growth. There can be big difference in height, weight and build among healthy children. Diet, exercise and genes are all factors. Some children begin puberty or are close to it before they are teenagers (Leo 3). Children will start to become more and more independent from their parents. For example, they may rebel against their parents. They also will look outward to their friends, who are usually of the same sex. Peer approval becomes very important. This child may try new behaviors to be part of "the group." This can also be the time that parents or teachers recognize learning disabilities or behavioral problems in children (Bornstein and Genevro 1). These problems can get worse as time goes on, so it is important to get help when the children is still young. Young children who grow up in environment where their developmental needs are not met are at an increased risk for delays of one or more areas, such as learning and language. Failure to invest time and resources during children’s early years may have long term effects on the foster care and education systems (Bornstein and Genevro 1). Early childhood refers to the period from birth through age five. A child’s cognitive development during early childhood, which includes building skills such as pre-reading, language, vocabulary, and numeric, begins from the moment a child is born. Developmental scientists have found that the brain acquires a tremendous amount of information about language in the first year of life even before a baby can speak. By the time babies speak or understand their first words, they know what is the sounds of the language they use (Leo 34). When young children are provided an environment which is rich in learning and literacy interactions and with many opportunities to listen to and use language for many times, they can begin to acquire the needed skills in their childhood years (Leo 34). A child who goes to school without these skills will become a high risk of starting at the back and staying behind. Therefore, parents are a child’s first and most important teachers. A study showed that nearly 40 percent of young children are cared mainly by their parents. The Bush Administration believe that it is important to support parents and families in their most important task in life by raising their children through several means, including providing them information about early childhood development (Bornstein and Genevro 4). A child’s social skill is often a problem to many parents. A research shows that between 15 and 20 per cent of babies are born with an apprehensive temperament, and with reference to three quarters of these babies will grow up and become a shy child. That is 11 to 15 per cent of all children (Tacio 61). In this case, these shy children will have difficulties in interacting with others. Also, some children do not like to go to school because they have no friends or it is a new environment for them. One fear that keeps children from enjoying school is that they do not know how to make friends at school (Lye Ching 44). It is always happen when a child do not has good social skills or when a child is about to start to attend a new school environment. “Threatening behaviours like scolding, harsh comment or constant nagging will not help on improving the growing of a child,” says Swaminathan. “It may make a child become worse, turn the shyness into a...
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