Child Development 0 - 19 Years

Topics: Infant, Motor skill, Developmental psychology, Child development / Pages: 16 (3816 words) / Published: May 7th, 2013
1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth – 19 years.
0 – 3 Months
Physical development
Many babies who are under three months old cry a lot. From birth, a baby's reflexes will allow them to turn their heads and to suckle when you touch their cheek. Their sucking and grasping reflexes will develop. They can flex and extend their fingers, arms and legs. By about 4 weeks their eyes can follow a moving light, although it may only be for a few seconds. By 2-3 months, they can watch and follow a moving face. By 6 weeks their eyes can move together most of the time. When lying on their stomach they will start to lift their heads and chest and support the upper body with their arms. By 2 months, they will enthusiastically kick their legs and will push down on them when their feet are placed on a firm surface.
Communication and Intellectual development
A baby this young will watch faces intently and will begin to imitate movements and facial expressions. They will start to recognize familiar objects and people at a distance. They will start Smiling and cooing in response to others, and will start to babble and even imitate some sounds. By about 8 weeks they will listen to what you say, then make noises back as they 'talk' to you. Babies will turn their heads toward the direction of sound. Babies at this age will have different cries for different needs.
Social, emotional and behavioural development
Between 4 – 8 weeks, babies watches you face when you talk to them. They often begin to smile at a familiar face by around 4 to 6 weeks, and will look at you carefully from around the same time. By 3 months, they can laugh out loud.

3 Months – 1 year
Physical development
Between 3 to 6 months baby will start rolling over back to front, they might start sitting up with support and possibly unsupported. Passing toys from one hand to the other and banging them together will create great amusement to baby. They will start following

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