Explain the difference between sequence and rate of development?
Sequential development is the sequence of development. This means that you must finish with one area of development before you move onto the next one. The cephalocaudle principle believes that development moves from the head downwards. This is to do with small children and understands that infants get full control of their heads, then arms then finally feet , from the top down. This is also seen later on and the understanding is that the spinal cord needs to develop properly before other areas such as the hands and feet and then fingers and toes develop. This is sequential and you cannot skip sequences or you will not be fully developed.
The rate of development is the pace that a child develops at, this can be the pace within each sequence or the pace over all and goes to cover all the set areas or periods in between or altogether in the sequences.
These principals run through all areas of development from mental to physical to emotional, no matter what the age of the child. If one is skipped or is slow it can be a cause for concern and may lead to a child being given a special recommendation or having a special need in or outside school. Growth and development are a continuous process and are different for all individuals.
The rates all move from the general to the specific, for example from moving a hand in any direction to grasping a pencil or catching a ball.
So the variation is to do with the building blocks of development, which is sequential development versus the rate or the speed of development which is the rate of development. Both are obviously interlinked.
Discuss what is meant by milestones
Developmental achievements are often called ‘milestones’ and there are certain physical milestones.
Gross motor skills involve the coordination and control of large muscles and skills like walking, sitting and running.
Fine motor skills (or