1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years.
As a teaching assistant it is important to acknowledge different aspects of child development. Babies and children may reach significant milestones at different ages, for example some babies will learn to crawl earlier than others, which are less advanced and often require nurturing. Therefore it is important to remember that development is a holistic process and that each child is unique and will develop in their own way and at different rates. Milestones give a broad average of development for when children may expect to reach a particular stage. Some pupils stand out from others because they have reached a particular milestone ahead of or later than them. Sometimes if children’s growth patterns are very different from their peers, this can have an effect on their behaviour. If this is the case then there may need to be additional provisions made for them.
The table below shows a child and young person development and should be seen as a guide to give an overall idea of the different stages.
Communication and Intellectual development
Social, Emotional and Behavioural development
When first born there is fast development and babies have little control over. Series of reflexes in order to survive (for example, sucking, grasping). Gradually more control so by 12 mths most will be able to crawl or roll.
By the age of 2 start to walk. Use hands for pointing and holding objects, start to dress and feed themselves, also enjoy climbing.
By the age of 3 have more control over pencils and crayons; enjoy looking at and turning pages in books. Able to use a cup and feed themselves. Will walk and run with more confidence and will explore.
Adults communicate with babies as not yet able to understand what is said. They will listen to the language and enjoy songs and games. Will try to speak at around 12