Child Abuse

Topics: Child abuse, Domestic violence, Abuse Pages: 52 (18030 words) Published: June 22, 2013
2.1.1.Outline Current legislation guidelines policies and procedures within own UK home nation affecting the safeguarding of children and young people. There are many policies and procedures within the UK that outline the current legislation and guidelines to help with safeguarding children and young people. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 - which ensure that children are safe and looked after, children have the right to be protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect, negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation including sexual abuse by those looking after them. The integral part of this act is to maintain the child is at the forefront of decisions; the best option in relation to the child’s welfare will be taken into account when deciding the best course of action for the child/young person’s upbringing – creating a partnership between parents and multi-agencies. Children Act 1989 - Parents and professionals must work to ensure the safety of the child. Local Authority has ‘a duty to investigate when there is a reasonable cause to suspect that a child suspect that a child is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm. The Children Act in 1989 set out principles to guide the work of local authorities and courts and also defined ‘significant harm’ and a child ‘in need’ of intervention.

The Education Act 2002 - This sets out the responsibilities of Local Education Authorities (LEAs), Governing bodies, head teachers and all those working in schools to ensure that children are safe and free from harm. Section 175 of the Education Act 2002 provides that local education authorities, governing bodies of maintained schools and governing bodies of an institution within the further education sector shall have regard to guidance given by the National Assembly in considering what arrangements are required to be made by them for ensuring their functions are exercised with a view to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children.

Children Act 2004 - This provides the legal framework for Every Child Matters. It includes the requirement for: Services to work more closely, forming an integrated service. Working Together Under the Children Act 2004” by setting out the infrastructure and arrangements that need to be in place to ensure that people in the education service have the skills, means and training necessary to ensure children and young people are protected from harm.

Working Together to Safeguard Children 2006 - This sets out the duties of organisations and how they must work together to safeguard children and young people. The Childcare Act 2006 is the first piece of legislation that is primarily concerned with Early Years and Childcare and introduces the early years foundation stage (EYFS) which supports settings in delivering high quality early education. In any childcare setting responsibility is the welfare and well-being of all the children in their care. All staff are appropriately trained and that procedures are put into practice to make sure that if any child may become at risk that you or your line manager liaises with other childcare agencies, such as health visitors, social services and Ofsted, in her role as Child Protection Liaison Officer (CPLO) . Staff and childcare providers ie childminders must be trained to recognise any signs of abuse and any concerns directed to the childcare setting will then be treated with absolute confidentiality. Any concern is discussed with the child if they are of appropriate age and with the parents/carer , the childcare provider would then hope to get their agreement in order to make a referral to social services via carrying out a Common Assessment Framework (CAF), unless it is felt the discussion would place the child at risk of harm. If, after this discussion there are still concerns then the CPLO would make a referral to the Children’s team and carry out a CAF without the...

References: from websites: http://www.safesurfingkids.com/
http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2325577,00.asp
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