THE RISE OF PAPACY RESEARCH PAPER
SUBMITTED TO DR. NICKENS
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT
OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COMPLETION OF THE COURSE CHHI 301-B02 BY
AUDRA C. BALQUE
MANOR, TX 78653
FEBRUARY 28, 2014
The Rise of Papacy
The rise of the papacy came at a time when the Roman Empire collapsed and there was chaos as it related to the bishops who held office in Rome and what religion would be at the forefront of the representation of the west or east of Rome since its demise. The term “papacy” (papatus), meant to distinguish the Roman bishop’s office from all bishoprics (episcopatus), and The Head of the Roman Catholic Church the pope is considered the successor of Peter and the vicar of Christ (Elwell, p. 888). The “pope” is a terms of endearment which means “father” and this was the title of the most important and influential bishops in the early church. The church at Rome nevertheless enjoyed and wanted to preserve the original apostolic faith and the prominence, and they as bishops also owned its apostolic “founders” and to its political setting, and this led to the inspiration of these bishops to exercise greater leadership in Rome and abroad (Elwell, p. 888). Most emperors and patriarchs of Constantinople, challenged the bishops and their beliefs by saying that the church in Rome is new and improved but that they are still believe in the old Roman church. The popes or bishops were not moved by their words and they knew that they were not living up to the apostolic ways of the founding fathers who came before them and that their primacy was derived from Peter and not from their political setting which in turn made their claim to fame to be truly based upon the “apostolic”(Elwell, p. 888). The Apostle Peter was sent to Rome by Jesus to build God’s Church. In Matthew 16:18, NLT, says 18 Now I say to you that you are Peter (which means ‘rock’),[a] and upon this rock I will build my church, and all the powers of hell[b] will not conquer it.” By Peter being the Apostle and was sent by God and that any bishops that came after Peter in Rome would in turn receive the Apostolic Power that God gave to Peter. By the fifth century, Jerome did claim that the church was founded by Peter whom he calls “the prince of the apostles”. Roman pontiff to power and prominence happened by natural circumstances rather than divine appointment. The Catholic C1hurch has inverted these facts by suggesting that apostolic power and authority, indeed, Peter’s preeminent power and authority, established the Roman bishop whereas, in fact, the Roman bishoprics growing ecclesiastical prestige derived, not from Peter, but from the church in Rome. Leo I “The Great” is considered to be the “First Pope” or “Bishop” of Rome. Leo was the first to state the Petrine doctrine outright, saying that he was the “heir” of St. Peter and that Christ had appointed Peter as the head of His church. He said that all bishops were heirs to the apostles (this was a general belief at the time), and that Peter was the chief of the apostles. The Bishop of Rome was the chief of all the bishops. In the sixth century papacy hit a low point with Bishop Silverius (536-37) who was taken by force and died in a penal colony. Bishop Pelagius I (556-561) was unworthy but was forced by the Church by Justinian. The Church of Rome was in desperate need of a strong Papacy Leader who could rise up against emperors and imperial authority. Pope Gregory I answered the call for the Roman Church in Rome. He can from a wealthy and Roman noble family. He had a political career in Rome first and then he entered into monastery in 574. In 579 he was serving in diplomatic missions to Constantinople. In 590 he was elected Pope in Rome and it was not his intentions to become a pope. Rome during the 590’s was in ruins the buildings were falling down and there was a great famine in the land and people were hungry and...
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