Chemical Dispersants Used in Bioremediating Oil Spills

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UNIVERSITY OF PORT HARCOURT
FACULTY OF SCIENCE
DEPARTMENT OF PURE AND INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY

SEMINAR PRESENTATION

ON
CHEMICAL DISPERSANTS USED IN BIOREMEDIATING OIL SPILLS

BY

UPORO VICTOR BARIBEFE
U2006/5581377

COURSE CODE: ICH 400.2
COURSE TITTLE: UNDERGRADUATE SEMINAR
COURSE LECTURER: MR. GODSON IWUOHA

SEPTEMBER, 2010

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1

1.1 Introduction ............................................................................. 2

1.2 Background on the chemical composition of dispersants ....... 3 CHAPTER 2 2.1 History of Dispersants............................................................ ... 6

2.2 Dispersants Reformulation ......................................................... 7

2.3 Function of dispersants ............................................................. 7

2.4 Current Dispersants .................................................................. 8

CHAPTER 3

3.1 Mechanism of dispersion ............................................................... 12

3.2 Toxicity of dispersants ............................................................... 15

3.3 Analysis of the pros and cons to using dispersants at oil spills ...... 17

CHAPTER 4

4.1 Recommendations for the use of dispersants ............................... 20

4.2 Suggestions for future analysis and research ................................ 20

4.3 References .................................................................................... 21

CHAPTER 1 1.1 INTRODUCTION

Over the past couple of years, the

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