US History (H)
15, January 2014
Elijah P. Lovejoy was born on November 9th, 1802 and was murdered in Alton, Illinois on November 7th, 1837. Lovejoy was murdered by a pro-slavery mob during an attack on his warehouse and printing press where he printed his newspaper against slavery, Catholics and immigration. In 1897, Alton citizens built the 110-foot tall Elijah P. Lovejoy Monument at the cemetery where he was buried. I found Lovejoy very interesting as he lived and was murdered in my hometown. He was the very first white man to die in a fight against slavery. It's absolutely mind boggling that such a terrible killing over a very extreme idea happened in the small town of Alton.
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States. Lincoln was born in 1809 and was assassinated by John Booth in 1865. Lincoln married Mary Todd and they had four children together, Robert, William, Edward and Thomas. Robert was the only one of their children to live to adulthood. The Lincoln's were never strict with their children. The four boys would always be able to get into some sort of trouble at anytime and anywhere they were. The most interesting part of Lincoln's life to me was his mental health. Abraham Lincoln suffered from "melancholy," a condition which now is referred to as clinical depression. After the death of his first love, Ann Rutledge, many feared he would commit suicide. This showed Lincoln was a very passionate man, he would have caused himself to die to be with his love on the other side. It is amazing to think that Lincoln was the leader of the United States while being depressed. It is quite interesting to me that he suffered from depression and managed it without the use of antidepressant medications as would be used today. It is reported that Lincoln managed his melancholy with humor and the support of his friends, family and colleagues. It is also believed that his depression contributed positively to his greatness as a leader.
The Battles of Saratoga took place in Saratoga County, New York on September 19th and October 7th, 1777. The first battle was the Battle of Freeman's Farm, and the second battle was the Battle of Bemis Heights. It was very interesting learning about the significance of these battles. The military significance of Saratoga was that this was the very first time Americans had defeated a major British army. Americans had captured all the men and had taken their all of their equipment such as weapons, food, and clothing. The political significance of Saratoga was that it had convinced the French to help Americans fight the British. This turned the revolution into a World War with the French, Dutch, and Spanish declaring war against the British.