Charles I was the reason for the downfall
The reason why war broke out between Charles I Parliament, in 1642 and was due to many reasons which will be discussed. However Charles, belief in the divine right of kings was one of the factors that caused misunderstandings with the Parliament.
Many disagree that Charles was to blame, however his actions did add to this. Religion had been a problem for Charles’ father, James I. Perhaps, this would hinder Charles in his reign as this would be remembered by the people. In 1625 Charles married a French princess, Henrietta Maria who was a Catholic and openly attended Catholic Mass. This perturbed the parliament and the people, they feared if the couple were to have children, their country would eventually be converted back to Catholicism.
The reason why this could be argued for Charles being innocent is that it was the Parliament and the people who feared this and it had not become a threat yet.
Problems Before His Reign
The status of the monarchy had started to decline under the reign of James I. He was known as the "wisest fool in Christendom". James was a firm believer in the "divine right of kings". This was a belief that God had made someone a king and as God could not be wrong, neither could anyone appointed by him to rule a nation. James expected Parliament to do, as he wanted; he did not expect it to argue with any of his decisions. However, Parliament had one major advantage over James - they had money and he was continually short of it. Parliament and James clashed over custom duties. This was one source of James income but Parliament told him that he could not collect it without their permission. In 1611, James suspended Parliament and it did not meet for another 10 years. James used his friends to run the country and they were rewarded with titles. This caused great offence to those Members of Parliament who believed that they had the right to run the country.
Growth Of Parliament...
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