Characteristics of Philosophical Reasoning: The Nature of Science and Decision-Making in Science and Technology-Based Issues

Topics: Scientific method, Philosophy, Science Pages: 7 (2138 words) Published: December 7, 2013
Questions:
a. Describe the characteristics of philosophical reasoning! b. How is the use of reasoning into the framework of my thesis research plan?

Answer:

a. Characteristics of Philosophical Reasoning

Before directly answering the questions above, I'll describe a little understanding of philosophical reasoning itself. According JujunSuriasumantri, Reasoning is a thinking process in drawing a conclusion in the form of knowledge. So reasoning is the thinking process started from empirical observation that produces a number of concepts and understanding. As an activity of thinking reasoning has certain characteristics. The first feature is a logical thought process, which is defined as logical thinking activities according to certain patterns or in other words according to certain logic. The second characteristic is the nature of the analytical thinking process. Analytic properties are the consequence of the existence of a certain thought pattern. The analysis is essentially an activity of thinking based on certain measures. Also according to JintutNocturna, the characteristics of reasoning that is thorough, fundamental, and speculative. The nature of its thinking is comprehensive. A philosopher does not know the content of science is only from the perspective of science itself, but they wanted to see the nature of science in the perspective of others. They wanted to connect science with other aspects. They wanted to know the relation of science to morals and regard science with religion. They wanted to believe what science knows that can bring benefit or not. That is the idea that broad because it does not have limit itself and not just in terms of one particular viewpoint. Thought philosophical want to know the relationship between sciences with others science, relationships between moral science, art and life goals. The nature of its thinking is fundamental. A philosopher does not believe it the truth the knowledge gained. They were always in doubt and questioning: Why science can be called the true? How the assessment process based on these criteria is? Is the criterion true? Then what is its own right? Like a circle and any questions always arise continuously. That is, thinking until the results of a fundamental or essential objectscan be learned for all the rationale and scientific value. So, do not just stop at peripheries(skin), but penetrating into its depths. The nature of its thinking is speculative. Philosophers speculate on the truth. Speculative nature of it, is also a philosopher continue to test and then gave birth to a knowledge and can answer the question of the validity of the trust. Based on the characteristics of the above about reasoning of philosophy, it can be concluded that philosophizing is an activity that uses the potential for the widest possible sense and freely without being limited by anything radically, systematically, universal and comprehensive as well as speculative and fundamental in revealing the nature of a truth. It is the ideas obtained and provide a basis for further thinking. The results of its thought were always intended as a basis for exploring a new area of ​​knowledge.  Based on characteristics of the philosophy of the above , it can be concluded that philosophy is an activity that uses the broadest reasonable potential and freely without being restricted by anything radically,sistematic universal , comprehensive and non-speculative and fundamental in nature reveals the truth . That is, the ideas that come form the basis for further thoughts . The results of his thought was always intended as a basis for exploring new areas of knowledge. In the preparation of the thesis , must be based on scientific studies that can be proven. Scientific knowledge is based on :

A.Ontology
Ontology is a branch of philosophy that talks about that there . In terms of science , the foundation of ontology questioned about objects that can be studied by science , what its essential...

References: Jujun S, Suriasumantri, Filsafat Ilmu, Sebuah Pengantar Populer. PustakanSinarHarapan, Jakarta, 2003
Suria, Sumantri
Muhadjir, Noeng . 2001 . Filsafat Ilmu . Yogyakarata : Rakesarasain.
Gie, The Liang . 2000 . Pengantar Filsafat Ilmu . Yogyakarta . Liberty Yogyakarta.
Bagus, Lorens . 2005 . Kamus Filsafat . Jakarta : PT. Gramedia Pustaka utama
Nocturna, Jintut
Sumedi, Pudjo. (2008). Penalaran.LogikaBerfikirManusia. [available online at http://akhmadsudrajat.wordpress.com/2008/02/09/penalaran/]
Wildensyah, Iden
(1305086024)
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education
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