Characteristics And Characteristics Of ASEAN

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ASEAN was created on August 8, 1967 by five founding members; Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, the Philippines. Malaysian foreign minister Ismail Abdul Rahman said at that time: ‘we have to come to a profound shared realization that we will not be able to survive as independent nations for long…, unless we think and act at the same time as residents of Southeast Asia’ . At perilous times when the nation-states were pressurized into joining either one of the two major blocs, Southeast Asian countries decided not to side with any superpowers of the Cold War, rather, they banded together to build, with their own hands and minds, a new way to the future and a new structure .
Brunei became a member in 1984. After the Cold War, nations that
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Brunei was loyal to its ideal of an absolute monarchy that had taken shape among Malay Moslems as early as the Middle Ages, while Vietnam was under the rule of its Communist Party with socialism as the official goal . Moreover, ASEAN member states vary in levels of economic development, with considerable gap between its most developed state—Singapore, who is amongst the world’s leaders in socioeconomic indicators—and its least, Laos and Myanmar, who are regarded as the most problem-ridden in Southeast Asia …show more content…
The underlying presumption is that developing countries seek to avoid dependence on the West in pursuing industrialization . Given their weak position in the world economy, developing countries could achieve economic independence only through grouping with other developing neighboring countries rather than individually .
The most basic motivation of joining regional economic cooperation is to gain access to collective benefits . Politically, the founding countries believed, not without a reason, that ASEAN could enhance the weight of smaller states in Southeast Asia to advance its interests in broader international politics . Membership to regional economic cooperation could also be used to avoid external pressure or escape international political isolation, as in Myanmar’s case.
Economically, membership to a regional trade cooperation can offer trade and investment benefits—will be elaborated in trade creation and trade diversion in later section—also, guaranteed broader market access for exports. In terms of security, perceptions of exposure or weakness can be alleviated by joining the

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