Nurul Haifa 1110026000055 Literature 6 Prose Mid Term Test Character and Point of View Analysis of “The Monkey’s Paw” Short Story A. Introduction On a wet and windy night, John White, along with his wife and son, Herbert, await the arrival of an old friend, Sergeant Morris, who has been stationed in India for several years and has just recently returned home. When the guest arrives, the conversation soon turns to the mysteries of India. Mr. White is fascinated by the discussion of far away places and ideas. During the conversation, we learn that Morris has brought back a very unusual artifact--the mummified paw of a monkey which carries with it a magic spell which can bring three different men three separate wishes. Morris makes it very clear that though the wishes are always granted, the results always bring disaster. He explains that he had gotten the paw from it's first owner--whose third and last wish was for death. Morris also explains that he himself had three wishes--thus leaving one more set of three wishes. The Sergeant, feeling that the paw has done enough damage, throws it into the fireplace to burn. Mr. White grabs it from the fire, and Morris warns White that he should let it burn. Mr. White, though, keeps the paw and even forces Morris to accept a few dollars for it. After dinner Sergeant Morris leaves. Herbert scoffs and makes fun of the idea that the paw can make wishes come true, but recommends that his father wish for twenty-five thousand dollars. As story we read much, there must be characters and point of view of the narrator. The characters are also consisting of major character, minor character and so on and we will discuss later. Beside character, story must also have a point of view. The point of view also has some kinds. Here I will not explain the whole of characters and point of view, but I just will analyze the main character, how the writer characterize the main character of this story, and then analyze what is the point of view of this story and how the point of view contribute to the description of the main character. But here I will explain the theoretical background of the characters and point of view first. B. Theoretical Framework a. Character As a literary term, a character is a person created for a work of fiction. Here are some kinds of character: Round and Flat Characters-round character is a three-dimensional character complex enough to be able to surprise the reader without losing credibility and a flat character is one whom Forster deems incapable of surprising the reader (Gordon:1999, p.95). Major and Minor Characters-the term protagonist refers to main character in fiction and generally the roundest, most fully developed character in a work of fiction, so the other 1. DiYanni, Literature: Approaches to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama, (New York: Mc Graw Hill, 2004),55 2. Gordon, Fiction: The Elements of Fiction, (US: Mc Grwa Hill Company, 1999), 95 3. Beaty, The Norton Introduction to Literature, (New York: W. W. Norton Company, 2002), 102 Page 1
Nurul Haifa 1110026000055 Literature 6 Prose Mid Term Test Character and Point of View Analysis of “The Monkey’s Paw” Short Story than the major are classified as minor characters (Gordon: 1999, p.96) and according to DiYanni, a major character is an important figure at the center of the story’s action or theme. The major character sometimes called a protagonist whose conflict with the antagonist. The minor whose function is partly to illuminate the major characters (DiYanni: 2004, p.54). When we define the character, we also have to know the characterization through the way of characterize. 1Characterization is the means by which writers present and reveal character. The method of characterization is narrative description with explicit judgment. 2There are three methods of characterization: - Direct Characterization The narrator or character summarizes or tells the reader what another character look like or what kind of person he or she...
Bibliography: DiYanni. Literature: Approches to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. New York: McGraw Hill, 2004. Gordon. Fiction: The Elements of Fiction. United States: McGraw Hill, 1999 Beaty. The Norton Introduction to Literature. New York: W. W. Company, 2002.
1. DiYanni, Literature: Approaches to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama, (New York: Mc Graw Hill, 2004),55 2. Gordon, Fiction: The Elements of Fiction, (US: Mc Grwa Hill Company, 1999), 95 3. Beaty, The Norton Introduction to Literature, (New York: W. W. Norton Company, 2002), 102 Page 10
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