Chapter I introduction kamantigue

Topics: Scabies, Infection, Mange Pages: 11 (2199 words) Published: January 25, 2015
Division of City Schools
LAGRO HIGH SCHOOL
Ascension Avenue cor. Misa de Gallo St.,
Brgy. Greater Lagro, Quezon City

The Potential Antimicrobial Effect of Kanmantigue ( Impatiens balsamina) Extract as Topical Treatment for Canine Scabbies for Street Dogs

Submitted by:
Kyla Hannah Marie C. Dionio
(8-Aristotle)

Submitted to:
Ms. Annamae T. Jorda
Research Adviser

Chapter I
Introduction
Canine Scabies has been a major problem due to the rampant increase on the population of abandoned dogs. Lack of maintenance to these street dogs resulted to their being prone to be affected with canine scabies. This study aims to determine the potential of Kamantigue as topical remedy for canine scabies. The plant Kamantigue (Impatiens balsamina) commonly grow in the Philippines. This study is also made to test the significant effect of Kamantigue extracts as an alternative remedy as to compare with commercially available remedies like Benzoyl peroxide and lime sulphur dips, being easier to use, budget friendly and effective. It is inexpensive, wide source is available and a possible affordable topical remedy against canine. scabies. This research aims of determining the significance effect between commercially available remedy and Kamantigue (Impatiens balsamina) extract based on availability, effectiveness, safety and cost.

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:
They say that dogs are man’s best friend. Filipinos are known to be dog lovers. In almost every community, it is a very common pet to a Filipino home. Some have breeds, as expensive as 100,000 php like the English Bulldog, some have the not so expensive ones, those what we call “askals” or stray dogs. Some keep dogs because they are useful as companion dogs, guard dogs, hunting dogs and working dogs. Some dogs have been so lucky to have owners who keep them for life, but some are unlucky to be left when they are too old to be kept or don’t have any use at all.

For pets, we let them stay inside our houses, some we even let to sleep beside us , in our beds. We take care of them as if they are family members. We bath them, feed them, some even spend for their clothing, rooms and health. There are some who have their owm veterinarians who regularly check them, some even have their own groomers or been to dog salons for regular grooming. Whatever breed these dogs have, just like stray dogs, no matter how well we take good care of them, are not vulnerable to diseases. Their exposure to unhealthy environment and infected dogs make then a better target. One of the dreadful disease that can harm them is Canine scabies. Canine scabies, also known as sarcoptic mange, in dogs, is caused by the parasite Sarcoptes scabiei. Sarcoptic mange (sarcoptes scabei) is transferred easily between hosts. Parasitic mites that cause mange embed themselves either in the  skin or hair follicles in the animal, depending upon their genus. Sarcoptes spp. burrow into skin, while Demodex spp. live in follicles. Sarcoptic mange, also known as canine scabies, is a highly contagious infestation of Sarcoptes scabiei canis, a burrowing mite. The canine sarcoptic mite can also infest cats, pigs, horses, sheep, and various other species. The human analog of burrowing mite infection, due to a closely related species, is called scabies (the "seven year itch"). All these burrowing mites are in the family Sarcoptidae. They dig into and through the skin, causing intense itching from an allergic reaction to the mite, and crusting that can quickly become infected. Hair loss and crusting frequently appear first on elbows and ears. Skin damage can occur from the dog's intense scratching and biting. Secondary skin infection is also common. Dogs with chronic sarcoptic mange are often in poor condition, and in both animals and humans, immune suppression from starvation or any other disease causes this type of mange to develop into a highly crusted form in which the burden of mites is far...
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