Chapter 9 (Group & Teams)
How can we characterize groups?
Roles, norms, status, size, cohesiveness, diversity
To explain special types of team dynamics:
Social loafing, group link, group shift
Individual concepts – Psychological contacts, deviance
A work group is 2 more more people who: Maintain stable patterns of relationships in which they have influence over each other, they share common goals, and perceive themselves as being in a group. Members can identify other members. How do groups and team from over time?
There are two models:
Five stage model of group development, or Group Life Cycle. Each stage involves activates directed at performing the task (task activity) and dealing with interpersonal interactions within the group ( group process) 1. Forming: Meeting with everyone on the team, and getting to know everyone. 2. Storming: May have conflict within the group, like who will be the lead, who will be doing what, etc… 3. Norming: Post the storming stage. Getting thru the logistics of how we will be working together, organizing the group activity. 4. Performing: Start to get work done. In production mode.
5. Adjourning: Applies to groups that adjourn. Break off and close the project. Punctuated Equilibrium Model: For groups with a set deadline.
1. Roles: The behavior that characterizes a person in a specific social contact and the behavior expected of that role. a. Role perception – one’s view of how to act in a role. b. Role expectations – Are how others believe one should act in a role. c. Role conflict – Arises when compliance with on role makes it difficult to comply with another role. i. There are models of the roles you might have on your group or team. ii. These are useful to consider the functions that need to be done on a team. See example on pages 317 with 9 roles iii. Some models divide roles into task and social roles example on canvas. 2. Norms: Generally agreed upon informal rules that guide group...
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