Chapter 9-13 Essay Question Outlines

Topics: Articles of Confederation, United States Constitution, United States Pages: 6 (1503 words) Published: December 19, 2010
Essay Outline #1

Analyze the extent to which the Articles of Confederation were effective in solving the problems that confronted the new nation.

In America, between the years of 1777 and 1789, the Articles of Confederation served as the first constitution for the United States. This new document was the first attempt at a centralized national government, effective in solving few problems that arose in America. The articles successfully put an end to the Revolutionary War in 1783 with the Treaty of Paris. Two separate land ordinances were passed to settle the dispute over western lands under this indenture. Most importantly, it served as a superb example of what to change when drafting the U.S. Constitution. Therefore, the Articles of Confederation were effective in less than many ways.

Topic Sentence 1:
The Revolutionary war ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783 under the Articles of Confederation. * Tired of being under Britain’s control, America rebelled against England and the Revolutionary war started. * The Treaty of Paris in 1783 officially ended the war with Britain allowing America to focus on the development of the country.

Topic Sentence 2:
Another issue solved while under the rule of the Articles consisted of the government establishing rules for northern land of America. * To prevent land ownership confusion, the land northwest of the Ohio River, east of the Mississippi River and south of the Great Lakes, commonly known as the Old Northwest, was divided into equal sections of land and sold to the public to pay for national debt. * This system of managing land was called the Land Ordinance of 1785. * The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was made to further govern the Old Northwestern land. * When a territory inhabited 60,000 people, the piece of land would be considered a state and no longer be own by the government.

Topic Sentence 3:
With the Articles Of Confederation solving few problems in America, the Constitutional Convention was organized to modify the Articles. * The members of the Constitutional Convention were authorized to only revise and edit the Articles of Confederation, but held secret meetings to completely rewrite a new constitution. * This new document gave the central government more needed power and addressed many of the issues the Articles did not.

Although the Articles of Confederation only solved few issues in early America, the ones it did were necessary to the growth of the country. The Treaty of Paris in 1783 was the ending of the Revolutionary war. The Land Ordinance of 785, dealt with the dispute over the Old Northwestern land. The expansion and organization of the north was due to the Northwestern Ordinance of 1787. Lastly, the Articles of Confederation served as a stencil for the U.S. Constitution and as a starter for the strong centralized government we have today.

McKenzie Sevier 11/16
Essay Outline #2

To what extent was the United States Constitution a radical departure from the Articles of Confederation?

After realizing the lack of power the Articles of Confederation had towards shaping a strong central government, the Constitutional Convention in 1787 was held to construct an all new organization for the U.S. government. That same year, the United States Constitution was ratified providing a better national government. The Articles of Confederation served as an important step in laying the foundation for the U.S. Constitution. Unlike the Articles, the Constitution better defined the relationship between the federal government and the states. The development of three branched of government were created to eliminate the chance of one branch gaining too much power. Thus, the strength and success of the national government under the U.S. Constitution, compared to the Articles of Confederation, was an extreme improvement for America.

Topic Sentence 1:
Under the Articles of...
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