1. Prelude to Independence, April 1775 to July 1776 (pp. 141–146) a. In May of 17___, one month after the first shots at Lexington and Concord, the Second ____________ Congress met in Philadelphia. List two reasons this Congress selected George Washington to command the ragtag troops besieging Boston.
b. How does the “Olive Branch Petition” of July 1775 on the one hand and the abortive invasion of Canada by American troops under Montgomery and Arnold illustrate the authors’ point that the fighting between May 1775 and July 1776 was a “curious war of inconsistency”?
c. What was significant about Thomas Paine’s pamphlet Common Sense? How did it turn a largely local Massachusetts protest for redress of specific grievances into an ideological crusade for the idea of Republicanism?
2. Declaration of Independence (pp. 146–148) a. With the stern response of the British to American entreaties, Congress finally asked a committee headed by Thomas ___________ to draft a Declaration of Independence. What was the main rationale for independence advanced in the Declaration?
b. The authors seem to accept this rationale for independence, calling it an “inspiration to countless revolutionary movements against arbitrary authority” (p. 148). *** With this in mind, do you expect that the authors will be similarly sympathetic to the southern states in 1861 when they use a similar rationale to throw off the “arbitrary authority” of the federal government?
3. Patriots and Loyalists (pp. 148–152) a. Read the section on “Patriots” and the insert on the “Loyalists.” *** If you had been a young person of military age in, say, New York at the time, would you have been a Patriot or a Loyalist? Or would you have tried to stay neutral? Why?
b. An old saying goes that “history is written by