1. William Howard Taft 27th president of the U.S.; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff; he lost Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term.
2. John Hay Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal
3. Theodore Roosevelt 26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
4. Philippe Bunau-Varilla French engineer who advocated an American canal through Panama and helped instigate a Panamanian rebellion against Colombia.
5. George Washington …show more content…
guerrilla warfare a hit-and-run technique used in fighting a war; fighting by small bands of warriors using tactics such as sudden ambushes
7. spheres of influence areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly (ex. Europe and U.S. in China)
8. "yellow peril" [aka Yellow Terror] color metaphor for race that originated in late-19th with immigration of Chinese laborers. term refers to skin color of East Asians and the belief that mass immigration of Asians threatened white wages and standards of living
9. Philippine insurrection before the Philippines was annexed by the U.S. there existed tension between U.S. troops and Filippinos. eventually we entered into a war with the Philippines.
10. Open Door notes message send by secretary of state John Hay in 1899 to Germany, Russia, Great Britain, France, Italy & Japan asking the countries not to interfere with US trading rights in China.
11. "the full dinner pail" a Republican campaign slogan in the 1900 presidential election campaign, used to emphasize the prosperity of William McKinley's first term and to appeal particularly to the labor vote.
12. Boxer Rebellion 1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British