1. Analyze the social and economic conditions of the South in the aftermath of the war. Southern planters lost their slaves due to emancipation as well as all of the capital they held in Confederate bonds and currency. Many families had to make money without the help of males. Some even faced starvation and poverty. Great leaders during the war were also revered by communities. Life got worse for slaves who had no possessions.
2. Analyze the political, economic, and emotional issues facing Northern leaders in devising a plan for Reconstruction. Reconstruction was a struggle to define the meaning of freedom. Northern leaders faced a variety of problems. Many northerners believed that the South should be punished for their actions and that the region should be transformed into the North’s urbanized image. As for reconstruction, conservatives wanted the South to accept abolition. The Radicals urged for the punishment of Confederate leaders and the aid of freemen.
3. Analyze the causes and effects of the Black Codes.(Were they a necessary and realistic response to the situation or a thinly disguised attempt to resubjugate the freedmen?) The Black Codes were enacted as an attempt to re-subjugate the freedmen. It was caused by a persisting ideology that whites were still superior to those of dark skin. This led to the enactment of the Civil Rights Act, in which congress declared blacks as citizens of the U.S. and could intervene in state affairs to protect the rights of citizens.
4. Compare and contrast Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction, the Wade-Davis Bill, Johnson’s plan, and Radical Reconstruction. Consider provisions, motives, goals, and results. Lincoln’s 10% plan offered a general amnesty to white southerners who would pledge loyalty to the government and accept abolition. When 10% of the # of voters took oath in any state, they could set up a state government. The Wade-Davis Bill expanded on this and said that the president