Chapter 14: The Civil War
Abraham Lincoln - 16th pres. of the US; led the US through the Civil War. Antietam - a major scene of battle during the Civil War.
Appomattox Court House - a small town in Virginia of which where Lee arranged to meet Grant to surrender his remaining forces. Bull Run - also known as the battle of Manassas; located in Northern Virginia, being a victory of the Confederates'. Clara Barton - founder of the American Red Cross; collected and distributed medical supplies throughout the war; became an important figure in the nursing profession. Emancipation Proclomation - announcement made by president Lincoln during the Civil War; emancipated all black slaves in states still engaged in rebellion against Union; went into affect January 1, 1863. Fort Sumter - a fort located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina; the location of the start of the Civil War. George B. McCellan - commander of the Army of the Potomac and general of the war. Gettysburg - a battle of which was fought from July 1-3, 1863; Lee withdrew from this battle July 4th (the same day as the surrender of Vicksburg). Greenbacks - paper currency.
Homestead Act - allowed citizen (or prospective) to claim 160 acres and buy it for a small price after 5 years of living on it. Jefferson Davis - the "president" of confederacy; was unsuccessful; rarely provided any leadership. March to the Sea - sixty mile wide swath of desolation across Georgia; Sherman left Atlanta and destroyed towns and plantations through Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. Morril Land Grant Act - transferred substantial public acurga to state governments to sell and profits went to public education. Robert E. Lee - opposed secession; left US army to lead confederate forces. Shiloh - Grant, with new troops, recovered and forced Beauregard to withdraw; union victory. Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson - confederate army leader; defeated 2 union armies by charging course suddenly and slipped away. Allysses S. Grant - constant, unrelatning assault (military); willing to fight when others wouldn't; presided over some of the worst carnage. US Sanitary Commission - organization of volunteers led by Dorthea Dix that mobilized large numbers of female nurses to serve in field hospitals. William Tecumseh Sherman - led "march to the sea"; "war is all hell"; war should be as horrible and costly for the opponent. Questions:
1. (Chart is on notebook paper attached)
2. South Carolina- Dec. 20, 1860
Mississippi- Jan. 9, 1861
Florida- Jan. 10, 1861
Alabama- Jan. 19, 1861
Georgia- Jan. 19, 1861
Louisiana- Jan. 26, 1861
Texas- Feb. 1, 1861
Virginia- April 17, 1861
Arkansas- May 6, 1861
North Carolina- May 20, 1861
Tennessee- June 2, 1861
3. The Crittenden Compromise included 6 amendments and 4 congressional resolutions to guarantee permanent slavery. He did this in order to avoid war. 4. Lincoln did what he did in order to not be the first party of the war to take action. He did it to also escape the situation they'd been trapped in for several months. 5.
6. The National Bank Act of 1865 established a system of national banks of which eventually developed the banking system we have today. It was important because it encouraged a national currency. 7. From the beginning, it was expected to be a short and low funding war. WIth that being said, the initial (first) war funded by borrowing but eventually realized that it was much more, so they created the Revenue Act of 1862 which increased taxes drastically including federal income taxes which infuriated supporters of the war. 8. The government raised the majority of it's money by Revenue tax stamps. 9. The majority of the Northern nation was not supportive at all; riots occasionally occured. They saw these laws to be an intrusion of privacy and a violation of one's sovereignty. 10. One could avoid by buying their way out of being drafted, or even substitute themselves with another member of their household. 11. Lincoln...
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