Chapter 14: Practice Questions
______ is the process by which we come to form an understanding of our social environment.
Regarding impression formation, which of the following statements is FALSE?
People tend to form first impressions quickly.
Our impressions of others are influenced by the amount of information they choose to disclose.
First impressions are relatively easy to change once we get to know the person.
First impressions tend to be long-lasting.
Preconceived ideas influence the impressions we form of people before we even meet them.
All but which of the following are factors that influence the process of impression formation?
A ______ is a mental image or representation that a person uses to understand her/his social environment.
A) situational attribution
B) fundamental attribution error
C) dispositional attribution
D) social schema
E) self-fulfilling prophecy
Research on stereotypes suggests that stereotypes are best described as
A) inefficient and not necessarily accurate.
B) efficient and accurate.
C) inefficient and accurate.
D) efficient and not necessarily accurate.
E) negative and inefficient.
The fundamental attribution error involves
A) taking credit for your own good behavior.
B) taking the blame for your own bad behavior.
C) overemphasizing internal factors when explaining the behavior of others.
D) overemphasizing situational factors when explaining the behavior of others.
E) overemphasizing internal factors when explaining personal successes and situational factors when explaining personal failures.
Jahrul's instructor was very rude the first day of class. Jahrul assumed the instructor was a rude woman.