Chapter 13 Reflection
Question: What are the three main forms of inequality in diverse societies?
There are a countless number of societies that exist in today’s generation. However, today’s world may not be able to recognize the many forms of inequalities that are encompassed within these societies. There are three main forms of inequalities, they are: egalitarian, ranked, and stratified.
The first form of inequality is egalitarian. This is a type in which there are only a few characteristics that occur within the society that cause differences between members. Very often, these distinctions and differences occur due to sex, age, and gender. Sex is regarded as a universal inequality, because it is designated to each person when they are born. However, these discrepancies occur in other societies as well. The chapter in the textbook gives an example of an egalitarian society occurring within hunters and gatherers (Bailey, 284). A disparity may occur in a hunting and gathering society if one person if a better hunter while another is a better gatherer. However, societies create methods to prevent any one person from becoming too powerful. The Native Americans of the Northwest Coast are an example of a real-life egalitarian society.
The second society is a ranked society in which there are a limited number of social positions available that require a title (ex. Chief, Cheifdom). Majority of the time, a person becomes ranked through their bloodline or heredity. Tikopia is an example of a ranked society. It is a small Pacific island with a population of only 1,200 people. In Tikopia, a chief is given formal power. This means that the chief has the authority to make rules and enforce them; which enable he/she to handle society.
The third and final society is stratified. This is usually regarded as the most complex of the inequalities and examples of this take place right here in the United States. The society deals with differences in...
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