Review and Discussion Questions
Chapter 13: Protest Makes a Civil Rights Revolution
1. What was the role of Ella Baker (1903-1986) with regard to the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)? Why is this important?
2. How was Freedom Summer of 1964 different from earlier southern civil rights struggles of the 1960s?
3. What were the political and racial beliefs of Malcolm X/El Hajj Malik El Shabazz (1925-1965) when he was assassinated?
4. What were the political and racial beliefs of the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) when he was assassinated?
5. What is “deindustrialization”?
1. Would you have joined a direct action protest in the early 1960s if you had lived in the South at that time?
2. In light of the information in Table 13.1, can it be said that the Civil Rights movement was truly nonviolent?
3. Were Fannie Lou Hamer and the other members of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) right to reject the seating compromise offered to them in Atlantic City in 1964? Would the South Carolina Progressive Democratic Party have made the same decision in 1944?
4. The wife and daughters of Malcolm X/El-Hajj Malik El Shabazz were in the front of the audience at the Audubon Ballroom when he was assassinated. Were there long term effects upon his children and grandchildren?
5. Were the urban uprisings in the 1960s in cities like Los Angeles (Watts) and Newark, New Jersey, related to the struggle for civil