1) The Shapes of Human Communities 1. In 1500, the world had all different societies, gatherers and hunters to empires, but it was different 2. Paleolithic Persistence a) gathering and hunting societies (Paleolithic peoples) still existed throughout the world but they had changed over time b) b. had new & improved technologies and ideas, e.g., outrigger canoes, fish hooks, etc (had not adopted agriculture) c) exchanged goods over hundreds of miles and developed sophisticated sculpture and rock painting and northwest coast of North America developed very differently 3. Agricultural Village Societies a) predominated in much of North America, in Africa south of the equator, in parts of the Amazon River basin and Southeast Asia b) their societies mostly avoided oppressive authority, class inequalities ( forested region in present-day southern Nigeria – 3 political) c) Benin: centralized state ruled by a warrior king ,EwuareP d) Igbo : dense population and trade, and rejected kingship and state building e) Yoruba, Benin, and Igbo peoples traded among themselves and beyond 4. Agricultural village societies went through change in the centuries before 1500 a) population growth, emergence of distinct peoples b) rise of warfare as key to male prestige -creation of the Iroquois confederation c) some European colonists appreciated Iroquois values of social equality and personal freedom (even for women)agriculture,depose officeholders5. 5. Herding Peoples of the a) Turkic warrior Timur tried to restore the Mongol Empire ca. 1400 but ended up devastating Russia, Persia, and India b) his successors kept control of the area between Persia and Afghanistan for a century c) Timur’s conquest was the last great military success of Central Asian nomads d) the steppe nomads’ homeland was swallowed up in expanding Russian and Chinese empire 6. African pastoralists -independent
Societies that were present by 15th century – hunters and gatherers, villages of agricultural peoples, newly emerging chiefdoms or small sates, nomadic/pastoral communities, established civilizations and empires.
Paleolithic Persistence: Australia and North America
Paleolithic=Old Stone Age peoples
Australia, Siberia, the arctic coastlands, parts of Africa, and the Americas were all Paleolithic peoples
Australia had 250 or so separated groups in it
Despite the absence of agriculture, Australia’s….
*The tropics were warm all year-round. The center of the tropical zone is marked by the equator.
*The rainy and dry seasons in the Indian Ocean reflect the influence of monsoons.
*To accommodate the uneven distribution of rainfall, South Indian farmers constructed elaborate irrigation canals.
*Empires of Mail in West Africa and Delhi in Southern Asia both utilized Islamic administration.
*Mansa Kankan Musa made a famous pilgrimage that served to demonstrate the enormous wealth of….
Chapter 13: The Expansive Realm of Islam
Outline the key aspects of the life of Muhammad, his message, his migration to the Medina, and the establishment of Islam in Arabia.
Muhammad and his message
Arabian peninsula was mostly desert
Nomadic Bedouin people organized in family and clan groups
Important in long-distance trade networks between China/India and Persia/Byzantium
Muhammad's early life
Muhammad ibn Abdullah born to a Mecca merchant family, 570 C.E.
Chapter 13: The Expansive Realm of Islam
A prophet and his world
A Muhammad and his message
1 Arabian peninsula was mostly desert
Nomadic Bedouin people organized in family and clan
b Important in long-distance trade networks between
China/India and Persia/Byzantium
2 Muhammad's early life
Muhammad ibn Abdullah born to a Mecca merchant
family, 570 C.E.
b Difficult early life, married a wealthy widow, Khadija, in
Became a merchant at age thirty and was exposed to….
AP Chemistry Chapter 13 Outline
Condensed phases: the liquid and solid phases; phases in which particles interact strongly.
Gas condensed when cooled and compressed.
In the liquid state the forces of attraction among particles are great enough that disordered clustering occurs.
It is hard to compress a liquid.
Liquids diffuse into other liquids with which they are misicible.
The natural diffusion rate is slow at normal temperatures.
Cooling a liquid lowers its molecular kinetic energy….
Chapter 13: European society in the age of the Renaissance
I. The Evolution of the Renaissance
A. The Renaissance was a period of enhancement in all aspects of life
1. Economic growth laid the material basis for the renaissance
a.1050-1300 witnessed commercial and financial development
b. Venice became wealthy from overseas trade
c. Genoa and Venice ships sailed all year long
B. Communes and Republics
1. Northern Italian cities were communes
Unit 5 – Chapter 13: Immigration, Expansion and Sectional Conflict (Boyer, 369-395)
1. Identify the two biggest sources of immigration to the United States between 1840 and 1860. List THREE ways that these groups differed?
2. Explain the rise of Nativism during the 1840s. What ignited the 1844 “Bible Riots” in Philadelphia?
3. How did the Massachusetts Supreme Court case of Commonwealth vs. Hunt impact labor unions?
4. Why did “new” immigrants generally favor the Democrats over the….
All questions courtesy of Houghton Mifflin's The American Pageant Guidebook; A Manual For Students, Eleventh Edition, 1998
Chapter 13: The Rise of Mass Democracy (The Jacksonian Era)
Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below.
___ 1. The last election based on the elitist political system was the 4-way presidential campaign of 1824 involving Jackson, Clay,
Crawford, and John Quincy Adams
Ch. 13 Free Response Questions
Write an essay that:
* Has an explicitly stated thesis that directly answers the question and DOES NOT simply repeat or rephrases the question. This can be done in a paragraph.
* Addresses all parts of the question
* Supports thesis with specific evidence
* Is well organized
Analyze the impact of Renaissance humanism on the following:
* Education (Yellow)
* Women (Blue)
* Politics/statecraft (Green)
Consult your textbook, supplemental….