Chapter: Reunification and Renaissance in Chinese Civilization: The Era of the Tang and Song Dynasties **Pay attention to migrations in each unit of study: who, where, why! Social
-Male dominated household
-Extended household was preferred
-Elite women have broader opportunities
-Divorce widely available if both husband and wife consent
-Girls were not well educated
-Boys are emphasis (important)
Diplomacy, Treaties, Courts, Laws
-Tang’s government supported Confucianism.
-In the song dynasty only civil officials were allowed to be governors -In the song they were given three years at three levels: district, provincial, and imperial. - They had high paid officials with little to do.
Patterns of settlement
-Chinese Junks – refined in late Tang and Song period - are best ships in the world - Established market networks along Indian ocean coast.
- Rival Arab control of Indian Ocean
- Transmission of art and religion (Buddhism; Christianity; Islam)
Religions, belief systems, philosophies, ideologies
Math, Science and Technology
The arts and architecture
-Sui were Buddhist.
-Tang’s government supported Confucianism, Buddhism gained wide acceptance. -Women were subordinated, controlled, and physically confined -Men wanted women to have small feet around 3-inches
-Fireworks and gunpowder
-Abacus developed for counting
Type of System
Technology, Industry Trade,
Types of Businesses
- Commerce expands in cities and trading towns
- They have banks, they credit and flying money (credit vouchers) From Persia: dates; saffron; pistachio; rugs; tapestries From Africa: frankincense; aloe; gold; salt; timber From India: sandalwood; jasmine; cloth
From China: silk; porcelain; paper; tea