Chapter 12 question APUSH The American Pageant

Topics: United States, War of 1812, James Monroe Pages: 6 (1750 words) Published: December 17, 2013
1.What was Macon's Bill No.2 and how did it lead to the War of 1812?

Macon’s Bill No. 2 replaced the Non-Intercourse Act in 1810. This Bill was issued by Congress. It reopened American trade with the entire world. Also it promised American restoration of trade to France and/or England if either dropped their commercial restrictions. Macon’s Bill dangled what congress hoped was an attractive lure. Napoleon had his opportunity: in August of 1810, he announced that French commercial restrictions had been lifted, and Madison, desperate for recognition of the law, declared France available for American trade. Napoleon, however, tricked Madison by falsely promising to drop restrictions, leading to a US declaration of war on Britain in 1812.

2.Who were the “War hawks”? From what sections of the United States were they from?

The War Hawks were Democratic-Republican Congressmen who pressed James Madison to declare war on Britain. The sections of the United States that they were from was the South and the West. The War hawks resented British constraints on American trade and accused the British of supporting Indian attacks against American settlements on the frontier.

3.Who were Tecumseh and Prophet?

Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa, known to non-Indians as “the prophet” were two remarkable Shawnee brothers. They concluded that the time had come to stem this onrushing tide. They decided that the time to act was now, so they gathered followers, urging them to give up textile clothing for traditional buckskin garments, arguing eloquently for the Indian’s to not acknowledge the White man’s “ownership” of land, and urging that no Indian should cede land to whites unless all indians agreed.

4.What was the Battle of Tippecanoe?

The Battle of Tippecanoe, which happened in 1811, was a battle that resulted in the defeat of Shawnee chief Tenskwatawa, “the Prophet” at the hands of William Henry Harrison in the Indian wilderness. After this battle, the prophet’s brother, Tecumseh, forged an alliance with the British against the United States.

5.Why did the proposed U.S invasion of Canada fail?

The proposed U.S invasion of Canada failed because it was poorly planned and led to the expedition being carried out in an even more disastrous manner. The Americans tried to invade Canada from Detroit, Niagara, and Lake Champlain. All were beaten back by the Canadians. The Americans then attacked by sea and were more successful. Despite these little successes, it all failed because the Americans by late 1814, far from invading Canada, were grimly defending their own soil against the invading British. Britain was occupied in the Napoleonic Wars, and after the defeat of France was for some time easily the most powerful nation on earth.

6.What is the significance of the Battle of New Orleans?

-The Battle of New Orleans, which happened January 1815, was significant because it was the resounding victory of the American forces against the British, restoring American confidence and fueling an outpouring of nationalism. It was also the final battle of the war of 1812. Two weeks after the War of 1812 officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent, U.S. General Andrew Jackson achieves the greatest American victory of the war at the Battle of New Orleans.

7.What were the terms of the Treaty of Ghent?

Treaty of Ghent happened in 1815 which ended the war of 1812 in a virtual draw, restored prewar borders but failed to address any of the grievances that first brought America into war. This treaty was basically an armistice. The terms of the treaty was that all conquered territory was to be returned, and commissions were planned to settle the boundary of the United States and Canada.

8.What was the Hartford convention?

The Hartford convention was the secret meeting of federalists from five New England states who opposed the war of 1812 and resented the strength of Southern and Western interests in Congress...
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