DEVELOPMENT EXPERIENCES OF INDIA: A COMPARISON
WITH N EIGHBOURS
In today’s globalised world, where geographical boundaries are slowly becoming meaningless, it is important for neighbouring countries in the developing world to understand the development strategies being pursued by their neighbours. This is more so because they share the relatively limited economic space in world markets. In this unit, we will compare India’s developmental experiences with two of its important and strategic neighbours
— Pakistan and China.
DEVELOPMENT EXPERIENCES OF
AND ITS NEIGHBOURS
After studying this chapter, the learners will
• figure out comparative trends in various economic and human
development indicators of India and its neighbours, China and Pakistan
• assess the strategies that these countries have adopted to reach their present state of development.
Geography has made us neighbours. History has made us friends. Economics has made us partners, and necessity has made us allies. Those whom God has so joined together, let no man put asunder.
John F. Kennedy
In the preceding units we studied the developmental experience of India in detail. We also studied the kind of policies India adopted, which had varying impacts in different sectors.
Over the last two decades or so, the economic transformation that is taking place in different countries across the world, partly because of the process of globalisation, has both short as well as long-term implications for each country, including India. In the postCold War world, nations have been primarily trying to adopt various means which will strengthen their own domestic economies. To this effect, they are forming regional and global economic groupings such as the
SAARC, European Union, ASEAN,
G-8, G-20 etc. In addition, there is also an increasing eagerness on the parts of various nations to try and understand the developmental processes pursued by their
References: Economic and Political Weekly, September 14, pp. 3835-3848. ZAIDI, S. AKBAR. 1999. ‘Is Poverty now a Permanent Phenomenon in Pakistan?’ Economic and Political Weekly, October 9, pp