Chapter 1 Online Quiz

Topics: Critical thinking, Logic, Reasoning Pages: 9 (1604 words) Published: April 14, 2015
Chapter 1 online quiz
Question 1
1 out of 1 points

 
Clichés help simplify the issue and get to the heart of the matter that is to be critically analyzed. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
FALSE

Response Feedback:
Clichés are actually barriers to critical thinking.

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
Critical thinking skills have been found to help us
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
All these answers are correct.
Answer Feedback:
Critical thinking skills are transferable across disciplines; therefore, learning to think things through logically leads to better decisions in all areas of life.

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
Some people either defer to others or fail to take a position on a controversial issue because they are unable to evaluate conflicting views. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
TRUE

Response Feedback:
It is also the case that some people do take a position on a controversial issue when they are unable to evaluate conflicting views simply because they are too mentally lazy to do the work of analyzing the issue and they are too conceited to believe that their snap decision can be wrong.

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
When is an opinion reasonable?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
when it has logical support
Answer Feedback:
You can think of an opinion as a conclusion. A conclusion needs reasons to support it. If the reasons used to support an opinion are not all true, and if they are not assembled in a valid structure, then the opinion (even if it turns out to be correct!) is not reasonable.

Question 5
0 out of 1 points

 
Although some people's lives are controlled by the circumstances they happen to find themselves in, the lives of the majority of people are controlled by their own choices. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
TRUE

Response Feedback:
For evidence that this is so, ask the opinion of people who have lived a long time.

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

 
Thomas Jefferson wrote that the most important characteristic the citizens of our nation should have is the art of reasoning. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
TRUE

Response Feedback:
If we are to govern ourselves we need first and foremost to be able to reason critically.

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
Why did the Zen master Suzuki believe that we must have a "beginner's mind"? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
All these answers are correct.
Answer Feedback:
The innocence of first inquiry springs from a mind ready for anything and open to everything. The beginner is free of the habits and expectations of the expert. When you do not think you know, you are open and ready to accept or doubt all the possibilities. The latest breakthroughs in neurophysiology support this.

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

 
Resistance, defined as "the use of immature defense mechanisms that are rigid, impulsive, maladaptive, and non-analytical" can act as a barrier to critical thinking. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
TRUE

Response Feedback:
When resistance is habitual it interferes with cognitive development. The development of critical thinking skills is stymied.

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
Some people think that the cognitive developmental stage known as "relativism," viz. when students stop thinking in "black and white" ways and swing to the other extreme of thinking there are no right and wrong answers at all, is really not a genuine philosophical position at all, but rather a means of avoiding having one's ideas challenged. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
TRUE

Response Feedback:
Professor Steven Satris takes this view.

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
There is a strong correlation between self-esteem and good critical thinking skills. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
TRUE

Response Feedback:
Healthy...
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