chapter 1-4 ap us notes

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Chapter 1
New World Beginnings
33,000 B.C. - A.D. 1783 225 Million Years Ago - Pangaea started to break apart.
10 Million Years Ago - North America was shaped by nature - Canadian Shield
2 Million Years Ago - Great Ice Age
35,000 Years Ago - The oceans were glaciers and the sea level dropped, leaving an isthmus connecting Asia and North America. The Bering Isthmus was crossed by people going into North America.
10,000 Years Ago - Ice started to retreat and melt, raising the sea levels and covering up the Bering Isthmus. Evidence suggests that early people may have come to the Americas in crude boats, or across the Bering Isthmus. Europeans Enter Africa
People of Europe were able to reach sub-Saharan Africa around 1450 when the Portuguese invented the caravel, a ship that should sail into the wind. This ship allowed sailors to sail back up the western coast of Africa and back to Europe.
The Portuguese set up trading posts along the African beaches trading with slaves and gold, trading habits that were originally done by the Arabs and Africans. The Portuguese shipped the slaves back to Spain and Portugal where they worked on the sugar plantations. When Worlds Collide
Possibly 3/5 of the crops cultivated around the world today originated in the Americas.
Within 50 years of the Spanish arrival in Hispaniola, the Taino natives decreased from 1 million people to 200 people due to diseases brought by the Spanish.
In centuries following Columbus's landing in the Americas, as much as 90% of the Indians had died due to the diseases. The Spanish Conquistadores
In the 1500's, Spain became the dominant exploring and colonizing power.
The Spanish conquerors came to the Americas in the service of God as well as in search of gold and glory.
Due to the gold and silver

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