Chaparral Biome

Topics: California, Central Coast of California, U.S. Route 101 in California Pages: 11 (2079 words) Published: December 5, 2014
 
Outline (Presentation Chaparral)  
1. Introduction about chaparral (brief introduction) 
a. atmosphere of the chaparral  
b. maps of the chaparral area 
c. distinguishing features of the community 
2.  Abiotic and biotic factors 
a. elevation and latitude precipitation 
3. Location (worldwide and california) 
a. type of weather (throughout the year) 
i.
typical temperature throughout the 4 major seasons 
ii.
rainfall   
iii.
how the current drought is affecting the chaparral   4. California chaparral 
a. what makes california chaparral different than the rest in the world  b. Different types of Chaparrals in California: 
i.
Red Shanks 
ii.
Ceanothus 
iii.
Chamise 
iv.
Manzanita 
v. Scrub Oak 
vi.
Montane  
5. Vegetation 
a. animals found in the chaparral area 
i.
Most chaparral animals are nocturnal­ escape the heat during the day and  come out at night to feed 
ii.
 squirrels, jack rabbits, gophers, skunks, toads, lizards, snakes, and mice  iii.
Year­round Residents (Birds): 
1. Wrentit 
2. Western­Scrub Jay 
3. California Towhee  
b. typical plants found worldwide and california  
c. describe the growth forms of the dominant plants in the community, and specific  adaptations, if appropriate to the community. 
i.
Hot and dry during the summer and rainy during the winter (30­100 F)  ii.
chaparral plants have hard, thin, needle­like leaves to reduce water loss  iii.
plants then grow in the ashes after the area has been burned  6. Conservation Biology 
a. Biodiversity 

b. Environmental issues 
i.
Effects of Fire on the Soil Resource 
ii.
Climate Change   
c. Human interaction with chaparral  
i.
Humans are building more industries and factories in Chaparral Biome   ii.
Fuel Treatments  
iii.
Misunderstandings about the shrublands due to flammability   d.  Are there problems with non­native “weeds” or other exotics?   e. Is this plant community protected? 
i.
California Chaparral Institute­ promoting science in wildland fire policy,  and help public and government agencies understand the Chaparrals   f. How? Does it need protection? 
 
Sources: 
­http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/chaparral.htm 
­http://www.californiachaparral.com/chaparralfacts.html 
­http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_rm/rm_gtr191/rm_gtr191_065_077.pdf  ­http://www.biosbcc.net/b100plant/ 
­http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/california_chaparral_woodlands.cfm  ­http://www2.mcdaniel.edu/Biology/eco/fire99/chaparralecologyweb.html   
 
 
 
 
Chaparral Area in California by County (in acres)*
San Diego
Los Angeles
Riverside
Santa Barbara
San Luis Obispo
Monterey
Ventura
San Bernardino
San Benito
Santa Clara
Orange
Marin
San Mateo
Santa Cruz

1,003,441
553,789
499,160
440,645
417,718
369,345
326,447
276,010
246,623
188,427
111,550
37,566
36,152
32,328

*From Fried, J.S., C.L. Bosinger, and D. Beardsley. 2004. Chaparral in Southern and Central Coastal California in the Mid-1990's: Area, Ownership, Condition, and Change. USFS Resource Bulletin PNW-RB-240.

Map from Keeley, J.E. and F.W. Davis. 2007. Chaparral. In M.G. Barbour (ed), Terrestrial vegetation of California. University of California Press, Los Angeles. Addendum: there's a small patch of chaparral in the southwest corner of Imperial County missing from the map.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
650­219­2871 Jose 
I like turtles 
­Jose  
me too! lol 
­Amanda 
young nigga came thru on his wu­tang 
­miguel 
amanda.cabaluna@gmail.com  
if you guys have any questions or anything, just text me :)  (650)219­6129 

 

Include information about the present status of your plant community.   
The Chaparral, or Mediterranean climate type, is presently one of Northern America’s  most critical and endangered plant communities. In the world, there exists only five  Mediterranean shrublands with the California coastal sage being one of them. The chaparral of ...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Global Climate Change Effects on the Chaparral Essay
  • Biomes Essay
  • PSS Biomes Test Research Paper
  • Biomes Biology Essay
  • Essay about Biomes and Their Characteristics
  • Essay about Marine Biome
  • Essay about Biome in a Box
  • Essay about Assignment on Biomes

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free